RELIABILITY, QUALITY AND SAFETY ENGINEERING
EMP 5103 TERM PROJECT ON:
In this paper, workplace safety is discussed. Analysis of historical data on workplace accidents were used to establish the need and importance of workplace safety. Relationship between Safety and Reliability Engineering was established to show how reliability engineering techniques and methods can be used to evaluate, identify risk prone activities and machines, with a view of reducing to the bear minimum the faulty equipment and/or factors that cause workplace accidents. Safety management and safety programs like OHSAS, COHSAS, were also introduced to show the importance and relevance of ensuring a global and generally accepted guideline for workplace safety is practiced and continually improved. With the possibility of injury and in extreme cases, death, coupled with the high cost incurred to manufacturers and company owners due to workplace accidents, it is of utmost importance that Managers and company owners invest in workplace safety practices and comply with the health and safety program’s regulations and guidelines.
Table 1. Work Related Injuries by Industry, 2008 (Per 1000 Employed Workers) FinancialPrivate HouseholdsReal Estate and Business ActivitiesEducationMining and QuarryingElectricity, Gas and WaterAgriculture, Hunting and ForestryCommunity, Social and Personal ServicesHotels and Restaurants 0.62.44.169.911.511.512.414.6
Wholesale/retail trade, Vehicle repairHealth and Social WorkPublic Administration and DefenceTransport, Storage and CommunicationsFishing ManufacturingConstruction 15.41919.920.520.52424.5
Source: International Labour Organization (ILO) LABORSTA Internet. Table 8B - Rate of occupational injuries, by economic activity, Canada, 2008. Available from: Laborsta Internet. Rates are calculated by ILO using data compiled from Human Resources and Skill Development Canada, Statistics Canada and Association of Workers' Compensation Board of Canada.
Work Related Injuries in Canada (Per 1000 Employed Workers)
*Table 2. Source: HRSDC calculations based on data from Association of Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada. Available from: Association of Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada (cited June 2011); and Statistics Canada. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2011.
From the data above in table 1 and 2, its more than obvious safety is a very paramount issue in the workplace. Accidents can have a crippling and generally negative effect to workers, workers morale, productivity and in effect company growth and development. It is therefore, necessary to learn about workplace safety; its causes and means to reduce them to the barest minimum. 1.1 History of workplace safety
Throughout recorded history, there have been references to work under a variety of conditions. The Old Testament includes rules about safe practices with regards to agriculture and how to treat workers. The Greeks and Romans used slaves, generally those captured in battle, to do both domestic work and to work in especially hazardous conditions, such as in mining. The writings of the ancients even discuss some early preventive measures, such as using inflated pig bladders to breathe into to avoid dusty atmospheres. The first written discussions specifically directed toward matters of occupational safety and health were those of Paracelsus, in the fifteenth century. In the early eighteenth century, Bernadino Ramazzini wrote the first text on occupational medicine, De morbis artificium diatriba, and he is generally regarded as the "father of occupational medicine." Ramazzini wrote about the health hazards for dozens of occupations ranging from...