A. Background of the Study
Paper is a thin material mainly used for writing upon, printing upon, drawing or for packaging. The word "paper" is etymologically derived from Latin papyrus, which comes from the Greek πάπυρος (papuros), the word for the Cyperus papyrus plant.
It is produced by pressing together moist fibers, typically cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets. In papermaking a dilute suspension of fibrous materials in water is drained through a screen, so that a mat of randomly interwoven fibers is laid down. Water is removed from this mat of fibers by pressing and drying to make paper. The production and use of paper has a number of adverse effects on the environment. The researchers of the study conceptualized a method to make recycled papers using alternative fibrous materials like leaves and flowers that are vastly available in the locality without causing any harm to the environment thus limiting the cutting of trees. Bougainvillea is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because their bracts are thin and papery. Its leaves and flowers are fibrous and have an immense potential for making paper. Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America. The first species recorded in the Philippines was Bougainvillea spectabilis. The other species, B. glabra and B. peruviana were introduced much later. The plant is a woody climber that can grow to a height of more than 10 meters, with large thorny stems and long drooping branches. The leaves are dark green, petioled, alternate, ovate, with entire margins, broadest near the base. Thorns are the axils that assist the plant in climbing. Flowers are small, each inserted on a bract, tubular, inflated midway through its length, of varying colors like red, purple, pink, yellow or white. The study intends to identify if the paper produced from the leaves and flowers of Bougainvillea has comparable qualities as to the paper derived from...
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