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International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 3, June 2011

Embracing Manpower for Productivity in Apparel Industry
S. Shanmugasundaram and N. Panchanatham
apparel industry as a means to provide jobs, raise their
standard of living and create economic wealth. Each is at a
different stage of development but all view the industry as a critical part of their social and economic health.
There are two primary reasons that the apparel industry
continues to be the industry that is used to lead developing countries to the promise of a better tomorrow. Apparel
manufacturing continues to be extremely labour intensive
and the barriers to entry are relatively low. It is amazing
how majority of the apparel factories still really on one
primary ingredient for success. That ingredient is people.
Because of the complexity and diversity of sewn products
and the variation in hand of the raw materials, no one has
yet been able to replace the dexterity required by human
hands to assemble woven products.
India's share in the global trade is only 2.5 percent,
whereas its main competitors Hong Kong, South Korea,
Taiwan and China are amongst the top seven world leaders,
together covering nearly 32 percent of the world trade in
garments. The major importers from India are the U.S.A.,
Germany, United Kingdom and other European countries
and leading non-quota countries like Japan, Australia,
Sweden and Switzerland.

Abstract—The Present paper discusses the Embracing
Manpower for productivity in Apparel Industry.
Today,
India's Apparel export is the single largest foreign exchange earner for the country. It contributes towards 6 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country and earns 18 per cent of the foreign exchange, through the export of all

commodities. Approximately, 21 per cent is through India's
exports of Apparel stem from Tamil Nadu. The Paper analyses
what are the Manpower related export problems disturbing the export performance in Madras Export processing Zone,
Special Economic Zone and Export oriented units with the help of administering Questioner. The study is diagnosing factors of labour productivity in the Apparel Manufacturing Export
Units. The paper Suggest, Labour productivity can be
improved by imparting knowledge and skills to the workforce
by arranging training programmes with experts both from
India and abroad.
Index Terms—Apparels industry in tamil nadu, labour
productivity, factors affecting labour, productivity, suggestion and recozendation for increasing labour productivity.

I. INTRODUCTION
The textile and apparel industry is one of the leading
segments of the Indian economy and the largest source of
foreign exchange earnings for India. This industry accounts
for 4 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), 20
percent of industrial output, and slightly more than 30
percent of export earnings. The textile and apparel industry employs about 38 million people, making it the largest
source of industrial employment in India.
In the 1800's the Textile Industry in England flourished
and the country became a major industrial and economic
power worldwide. Likewise, in the last 1800's and early
1900's, the textile and apparel industry fueled by the
industrial revolution, put the United States in an
unprecedented place in the developed world. After the
World War II, Japan used its textile and apparel industry to rebuild its economy and became one of the largest exporters
of textile products in the world. Hong Kong and Taiwan
followed suit and used low cost labour to their advantage as they began to dominate into the western hemisphere.
It is well documented fact that the textile and apparel
industries have been the driving force for all developed
countries. Today, such countries as China, Korea, Vietnam,
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Poland, Turkey,
Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Brazil, the
Dominican...
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