Major Works Data Sheet
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Title of the Work: Odyssey
Date of Publication: 1996
Historical information about the Setting: In Greek mythology, “The Odyssey” took place in Troy after the Trojan War was going on. The Achaeans were after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus who is the king of Sparta. It started with Athena and Aphrodite fighting for the golden apple. Paris was chosen to judge the both of them because the gods thought of him as the most beautiful man alive. Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite both promised him something, at the end; Paris chose Aphrodite for the promise of the most beautiful women alive and promised that Helen would be his wife so he wanted to kidnap her even after two prophecies and his mother tried to stop him which caused the war. The war ended with the Trojan horse and the burning of Troy.
Plot summary: The epic stats when Homer is trapped on Calypso’s island and needs to go back home after the Trojan War. He has been stuck on the island for about seven years. While in Ithica, also known as Odysseus’s home, his family is worried and wonders if Odysseus is still alive. Suitors rush Penelope, Odysseus’s wife, to remarry to one of the suitors. Penelope promised she would after she finishes weaving a shroud for Laertes, but every night, Penelope would unravel the shroud. Telemachus was going on a trip to Pylos and Sparta to help him mature and find out about his father, Odysseus, with the help of Athena who is disguised as Mentor. Telemachus reaches Nestor and asks about Odysseus, but he also has no news of Odysseus other than Odysseus stayed with Agamemnon. Telemachus soon found out how Agamemnon was murdered by his wife’s lover. Soon after, the suitors found out about both voyages and plans to ambush Telemachus and Odysseus on their way back which causes worry to Penelope. The gods had a meeting in Olympus which resulted into having Hermes telling Calypso to free Odysseus. After Odysseus was back at sea on the way home, Poseidon made a storm that causes Odysseus to be on the island of the Phaeacians. He was found by Nausicaa and brought to the palace. Odysseus begs for help from Arete to help him home. During a festival, Odysseus tells his journey to the king queen about his encounter with Cicones, Lotus eaters, and the Cyclop. Then after he leaves, he goes to the island of Aeolus who gives him a bag containing winds but his comrades open it and they return back to the island. He and his crew sailed to land of the Laestrygonians who tries to kill them and ended up with only Odysseus’s ship surviving the attack. He soon lands in the land of Aeaea where Circe lives and turns Odysseus’s men into pigs but later falls in love with Odysseus and tells him to go to the underworld to speak with Terisia. Elpanor also dies by falling off the roof and breaking his neck. When they got to the underworld, Elpanor asks Odysseus to give him a proper burial. He then meets Terisia the prophet who tells Odysseus his fate of coming back home and slaughtering the suitors. She warns Odysseus about not eating the cattle of the Sun or else he will face hardships and lose all his men. While in the underworld, Odysseus meets Agamemnon and he explains how he got killed by his wife’s lover and not to trust women other than Penelope. He also meets his mother, Achilles, and many others. On his way back home after he gave Elpanor a proper burial, he and his crew faced Sirens which was tied up so he wouldn’t crash the ship onto the island. He also encounters Scylla and Charybdis which killed six men. When he reached the land of the Sun, he remembers Tiresia’s warning, but his crew disobeys him and kills an cattle which causes Sun to ask Zeus to punish them. Zeus makes a storm that kills most of Odysseus’s men and makes him the last one alive. He got back to Scheria and then soon left with gifts and the help of Phaeacians as a crew. Odysseus...