Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes mellitus type 2 Pages: 2 (418 words) Published: October 25, 2012
Associate Level Material
Appendix E

For this assignment, complete this chart to create an easy-to-read reference that will help you understand how the two forms of diabetes mellitus differ. Maintaining proper levels of insulin is critical for diabetes patients. The means by which insulin can be regulated depends upon which type of diabetes a patient has.

Complete the chart with a 25- to 50-word response for each box.

Form of diabetes| Age of onset| Defects in insulin and effects on glucose metabolism| Risk factors| Prevention and treatment| Type I: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus | Usually prior to age 30| A person with type I diabetes are dependent on insulin because the pancreas does not produce insulin. The insulin helps convert the sugar into energy. A person with type I has to take insulin shots daily to regulate and monitor their glucose levels.| Type I diabetes normally occurs at infancy and between 30’s. Risk factors are being sick at infancy, having a parent with type I puts a child at risk especially if the father has type I, a mother who had preeclampsia while pregnant, if a mother was pregnant after a certain age/ having and older mother. | Treatments include insulin and keeping up with glucose levels monitoring glucose levels tightly. A strict diet and some type I diabetics may have to receive a pancreas transplant because they are unable to control their glucose levels.| Type II: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus | Usually after age 45| A person with type II diabetes are treated with exercise, weight reduction, and a diabetic diet. If the glucose levels are not controlled by these methods then the patient may receive and oral medication and insulin is the last result. Most tyoe II diabetics are not insulin dependent.| There are some risk of developing type II diabetes. Being overweight around the waist area, smoking, a diet that consist of red meat, sweets, high fat dairy products, and abnormal cholesterol levels....
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