Cost of Equity:
For the risk-free rate, we decided to use the 30-year old Treasury yield, which is currently 4.6%. We believe it is important to match the time horizon when comparing financial assets. Given that stocks have essentially an endless time horizon, the 30-year Treasury seems a more reasonable asset by which to compare stocks. 1-month Treasury Bills, for instance, are comparable to safety-deposit boxes, which are completely safe, but cannot ever yield a return. It’s highly likely that no financial analyst would ever compare a stock to a deposit box; hence, it also doesn’t make sense to compare stocks with very short-term Treasury Bills. For the beta of Papa John’s equity (PZZA), we regressed the monthly return on PZZA with the monthly return on the S&P 500 index. Through doing so, we determined that PZZA had a market beta of 0.53. (Please refer to the attached spreadsheet for calculations of beta.) We also used the Ibbotson estimate for market premiums based on data from 1926-2009. Specifically, we decided that over the long run, geometric mean is more reflective of true risk premiums than arithmetic mean (since arithmetic mean fails to incorporate year-over-year returns, thus producing an overly optimistic result). According to Ibbotson, the geometric mean for returns for large-company stocks was 9.6%. The market premium is therefore 9.6%-4.6% = 5%. We decided to use the returns for large-company stocks because Papa John’s is already an established corporation with substantial market capitalization. Since the S&P 500 index is our benchmark, it makes more sense to use the market returns of large company stocks than those of small company stocks. Therefore, the cost of equity for Papa John’s is 0.046+0.53(0.05) = 7.25%.

In order to determine which companies were “comparable” to Papa John’s, we used two main criteria. First, the company would have to be in the food service industry, though not necessarily directly in pizzas. Second, the company...

...The Cost of Capital for Goff Computer, Inc.
Rahul Parikh
BUS650: Managerial Finance (MAH1209A)
Dr Charles Smith
March 18, 2012.
The Cost of Capital for Goff Computer, Inc.:
1. Most publicly traded corporations are required to submit 10Q (quarterly) and 10K (annual) reports to the SEC detailing their financial operations over the previous quarter or year, respectively. These corporate fillings are available on the SEC Web site at www.sec.gov. Go to the SEC Web site, follow the “Search for Company Filings” link, the “Companies & Other Filers” link, enter “Dell Computer,” and search for SEC filings made by Dell. Find the most recent 10Q and 10K and download the forms. Look on the balance sheet to find the book value of debt and the book value of equity. If you look further down the report, you should find a section titled either “Long-term Debt” or “Long –term Debt and Interest Rate Risk Management” that will list a breakdown of Dell’s long-term debt.
Answer:
The book value of a company's equity is the same as stockholder's equity, which can be computed by subtracting the total value of liabilities from total assets.
(Total Assets) = (Total) Liabilities + Stockholder's Equity (book value of equity).
Stockholder's Equity (book value of equity) = Total Assets –Total Liabilities.
The book value of the company’s liabilities and equity was found from the site http://www.sec.gov . I found Dell’s...

...is cost of capital?
The cost of capital is the cost of obtaining funds, through debt or equity, in order to finance an investment. It is used to evaluate new projects of a company, as it is the minimum return that investors expect for providing capital to the company, thus setting a benchmark that a new project has to meet.
Importance
The concept of cost of capital is a major standard for comparison used in finance decisions. Acceptance or rejection of an investment project depends on the cost that the company has to pay for financing it. Good financial management calls for selection of such projects, which are expected to earn returns, which are higher than the cost of capital. It is therefore, important for the finance manager to calculate the cost of capital, which the company has to pay and compare it with the rate of return, which the project is expected to earn.
In capital expenditure decisions, finance managers go on accepting projects arranged in descending order of rate of return. He stops at the point where the cost of capital equals to the rate of return offered by the project. That is, the finance manager finds out the break-even point of the project. Accepting any project beyond the break-even point will cause financial loss for the...

...WEIGHTED AVERAGE COST OF CAPITAL FOR DELL COMPUTER
1) From the SEC website, the balance sheet of Dell Computer reveals a
Book value of debt = $3,394,000,000 and
Book value of equity = $4,625,000,000
The same balance shows the breakdown of the long-term debt (book values) in table 1.
Table 1
Coupon Rate
(%) Maturity Book Value
(Face Value in million $)
3.38 06/15/2012 400
4.70 04/15/2013 599
5.63 04/15/2014 500
5.65 04/15/2018 499
5.88 06/15/2019 600
7.10 04/15/2028 396
6.50 04/15/2038 400
2) From finance.yahoo.com,
• The most recent (Oct 30 2009) stock price (Po) = $14.45
• Market value of equity or market capitalisation = $28,260,000000
• Shares outstanding (28,260,000,000/14.45) = 1,955,709,343
• No dividend is paid recently. In this case, the dividend discount model cannot be used
• The three-month treasury bill yield = 0.03%
Cost of Equity
Risk free rate (Rf)= 0.03%
Systematic risk of Equity (Beta, BE) = 1.36
Assuming market risk premium = 8.6%
Using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM),
Cost of equity (RE) = Rf + BE(RM - Rf)
Where,
RM is expected return on the overall market
(RM - Rf) is the market risk premium
Cost of equity (RE) = 0.0003 + 0.086 x 1.36
= 0.1173 = 11.73%
Therefore, the cost of equity is 11.73%
3) Cost of Debt
From www.nasdbondinfo.com,...

...Cost of Capital
Definition: cost of capital is the rate of return that a company must earn on its project investments to maintain its market value and attract funds. The cost of capital to a company is the minimum rate of return that is must earn on its investments in order to satisfy the various categories of investors, who have made investments in the form of shares , debentures and loans. Thecost of capital in operational terms refers to the discount rate that would be used in determining the present value of the estimated future cash proceeds and eventually deciding whether the project is worth undertaking or not. It is defined as "the minimum rate of return" that a firm must earn on its investment for the market value of the firm to remain unchanged.
Basic Aspects of concept of Cost of capital :
here are three basic aspects of concept of cost. They are:
* It is not a cost as such.
* It is the minimum rate of return.
* It comprises the following 3 components:
* Return at Zero risk level – This refers to the expected rate of return when a project involves no risk whether business or financial.
* Premium for business risk – The term business risk refers to the variability in operating profit due to change in sales. The concept is...

...ogCost of capital
First of all I would like to say the I wanted to calculate the cost of debt and cost of equity but the information given in the statements are missing the items needed to calculate the cost of debt and the cost of equity but I would like to analyze the information related to this part
The market capitalization already increased in year 2010to 7,016 million from the previous year which was 3,805 million in year2009.also we can see the share price started year2010 with equal to 180,168,300 and ended the year with 143,885,400 this time it’s showing decreasing number not increasing as usual we need to look to the property plant and equipment its percentage increased as it was 69.7% in year 2009 to 70.3% in year 2010,we can have a look to the receivables and prepayments and this was higher in year 2009 with 13% than it was 2010 with 10.4% .the inventories percentage already decreased from year 2009 to 2010 as we see it was 0.2%in year2009 then it became 0.1% .we don’t need to forget about looking to the shareholders equity as it was 3,,641 million in year 2010 and was lower in the year of 2009 with 2,621 million and it was higher in year 2009 than it was in year 2009,the total assets were increased as we see it was 11,398 in year 2009 and it was 13,240 in year 2010 ,when we look to the revenue we can find that it’s as other equities increasing in a great way as it was 3,133million...

...What’s your real cost of capital?
By James J. McNulty, Tony D. Yeh, William s. Schulze, and Michael H. Lubatkin
Harvard Business Review, October 2002
Issue of the article: valuing investment projects
Number of pages: 12
Daniel Miravet Campos
Part 1. Executive summary
This article is fundamentally based on the exposition of a new method to calculate the cost of capital for a company (MCPM), to meet the inefficiencies of the current one (CAPM).
In valuing any investment project or corporate acquisition, executives of a company must compare the cost that operation would require with its expected future cash flows. To do so, they must discount those future cash flows with a specific rate in order to make the comparison meaningful. This is what we know as cost of equity capital, and determining that discount rate is a very important task for the managers of a company, since applying a too high or too low rate will have significant effects on estimating the project’s or company’s value.
The traditional approach to evaluating capital investments is to apply the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), which has remained practically unchanged for 40 years.
This standard formula states that a company’s cost of capital is equal to the risk-free rate of return plus a premium (historical difference between the...

...Cost of Capital
Firms need to make capital investment i.e., purchasing fixed assets such as factories, machineries, equipment, etc. After deciding what capital investments to make, they need to decide on the financing – sources of capital. The sources: Long-Term Debt, Common Stock, Preferred Stock and Retained Earnings. Then they need to find the cost of obtaining each source of financing today (not historical).
Cost of Capital - The rate of return that a firm must earn on its investment projects to maintain its market value and attract funds. It depends on the risk of that investment (use of funds, not source of funds)
1. Cost of Debt (rd) – we use Bonds to represent the cost of long-term debt. Its required rate of return is the yield-to-maturity (YTM) of the bond. After we calculate the rd, we need to find the after-tax cost of debt : rd (after-tax) = rd(1 –T). In finding the YTM, we need to have the bond’s current price. If there is a flotation costs involved in issuing the bond, we need to deduct these costs first to find the net price of the bonds.
(Example: A company wants to sell $10 million worth of 20-year, 9% coupon bonds with a par value of $1,000 each. The firm must sell the bonds for $980 to reflect the market price of other similar bonds. The flotation...

...PapaJohn’s Analysis
Alex Quiquia
3/19/13
MGMT 4800
Strategic Analysis of PapaJohn’s
Introduction--We already know that PapaJohn's is a major player in the Pizza industry but what does the future hold for them.
One of the business-level strategies that PapaJohn’s implemented was product differentiation through the use of fresh dough and superior-quality ingredients. John Schnatter believed that other pizza restaurants used inferior ingredients and that he could do it better. This strategy was implemented from the very beginning in the United States. Another successful business-level strategy that focused on product diversification employed by PapaJohn’s was the use of technology to order pizza. In 2001 they became the first pizza company to offer online ordering.
The most significant corporate-level strategy used early on by PapaJohn’s was mergers and acquisitions. In the late 90s, the company acquired 205 “Perfect Pizza” restaurants in the UK. They continued aggressively acquiring international restaurants until the early 2000s when they began to focus their acquisition efforts domestically. In just under 30 years since opening its first store, PapaJohn’s has added over 4,000 stores (papajohns.com). That’s an average of over 140 new stores every year since...