Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical
Ethno-medicinal, Phytochemical and Pharmacological review of an amazing medicinal herb Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK.
Pulak Majumder1*, Priya Abraham1, Satya V2
Dept. of Pharmacognosy, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Pharmacy, Trikaripur, Kasaragod (Dist.), Kerala -671310. Dept. of Pharmaceutical chemistry, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Pharmacy, Trikaripur, Kasaragod (Dist.), Kerala 671310. 2
Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK (Fam. Piperaceae) has been used as a (Rasayan) drug in the Ayurvedic system of medicines. Peperomia pellucida is reported to posse antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, refrigerant and CNS activity. Traditionally it is used in the treatment of headache, fever, eczema, abdominal pains, and convulsions. In traditional Ayurvedic system of medicine in India Peperomia pellucida is used as Rasa, Guna and Virya. Phytochemical screening of this plant has shown the pr esence of flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, steriod and triterpenoid. Isolation of antifungal and anticancer constituents from this plant was also reported newly. The present study is based on the work done till date regarding the phytoconstituents and pharmacological activity of Peperomia pellucida.
Keywords: Piperaceae, Essential oils, Analgesics, Anti-pyretics, CNS activity.
October – December
Volume 2 Issue 4
Page No. 358
Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK is also known as shiny bush or silver bush belonging to family Piperaceae. In Sanskrit, it is known as Toyakandha, Varshabhoo. Peperomia pellucida is an herbaceous plant found in many South American and Asian countries. The species develops during rainy periods (often in the spring) and thrives in loose, humid soils under the shade of trees. [1-4]. It grows in moist habitat and is found throughout the major parts of Ind ia. In different parts of India it is known with different names like Lochi pata in Bangali , Mashitandu chedi in Malayalam and Pononoa in Assamese etc [5,6]. Whole plant or parts of plant are used for different purposes. Despite its wide range of folk medicinal uses in India subcontinent, there is very little scientific documentation available on its pharmacological and biological activities as well as its chemical constituents.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
TAXONOMICAL CLASSIFICATION .
Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK is an annular herb. The roots are fibrous; stems translucent pale green, erect or ascending, usually 15-45 cm long, internodes usually 3-8 cm long, glabrous and the leaves are medium green on upper surface, lower surface whitish green, thinly fleshy, drying papery, broadly ovate, 1.5-4 (-5) cm long, 1-3.3 cm wide, palmately 3-nerved or 5nerved, glabrous, apex acuminate, base subcordate to truncate, petioles 0.5 -2 (-3) cm long, glabrous. One to several spikes are available, terminal and axillary or leaf-opposed, filiform, ca. 3-6 cm long, the rachis ca. 0.4-0.6 mm in diameter, glabrous, flowers well-spaced, peduncles ca. 0.6-1 cm long, glabrous; ovary ovoid; stigmas terminal and also fruits were subglobose, ca. 0.5 mm long, longitudinally ridged, apex beaked .
October – December
Volume 2 Issue 4
Page No. 359
Peperomia pellucida is widely distributed in many South American and Asian countries [4, 9-11]. The plant is occasionally cultivated and sparingly naturalized in Hawaii . In Fiji, this plant is occurring at elevations of sea...