Palm Oil Mill Effluent Treatment Plant Ponds Cleaning

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Palm Oil Mill (POM) Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is one of the key plant to ensure smooth production of the mill. Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) generally is about 0.7m³/Mt Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB) processed. Total Solids are in the range of 11500 to 79000 mg/l and suspended solids is in the range of 5000 to 54000 mg/l. The organic content of POME is generally biodegradable and could be treated by anaerobic, aerobic and facultative processes. The processes are essentially biochemical and depends on the enhance growth and metabolic activities of the suitable microorganisms to transform the organic matter into methane, CO2, Hydrogen Sulphide and water. The microorganisms are primarily bacteria and algae which results in the production of excess biomass (microbial cells) which need to be dispose as sludge. Technically, the following benefits will be attainable from the effort: one is, the legal compliance. Two is, the public & regulatory department trust. Three is, minimum impact to the mill operation as the solids harvesting could be done while running. Minimum technical knowledge and ease of operation were considered when utilizing the fundamental and conventional methods of solids removal from ETP. Basic principal scope of works is: first is, to provide basic engineering design for the solid removal. Second is, to provide materials, tools and equipments to fabricate, supply and install the necessary facilities for the cleaning operations. Third is, to provide manpower and technical expertise for the operation of the proposed system. And fourth is, to provide technical, operation support and monitoring reports of the proposed system. The objectives of this paper is to provide an accepted engineering solution of solids removal from the ETP pond, and this would reduce the function and capabilities and also to provide alternative equipments & operations method of solid removal from ETP for higher performance of ETP system. The proposed design will include the...
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