1.The Middle East problem had erupted when in 1948 the state of Israel was declared for establishment in Palestine. Since then, many of the Arab countries got entangled in the conflict with Israel, over the Palestinian issue. For the last 48 years or so, the Middle East issue has been a history of miseries for the Palestinians. The Palestinians who once belonged to a country with distinctive geographical, political and cultural identity ultimately transformed into refugees. Being the victim of Zionist aggression, the Palestinians had resorted to armed resistance and diplomatic efforts for achieving their legitimate rights.
2.The Palestinian problem is a very complex one, marked by a series of developments with bewildering swiftness. Over the years the search for a peaceful resolution of the Arab - Israeli conflict by different quarters has been associated with a number of peace plans, proposals, agreements, diplomatic initiatives and missions. Despite all these efforts no practical solution could be sought until recently to resolve the issue so as to bring a reconciliation between the two hostile groups. The major breakthrough in the peace process was marked by the signing of an accord in September 93. Another peace accord between Palestine and Israel has been signed in May 94 making a positive move for the lasting peace . There are indications which reveal that both the belligerents are proceeding to some sort of settlement. However, the recent initiatives are taking place presumably due to several reasons which requires elaborate discussion.
3."Peace is not made with friends. Peace is made with enemies." This was the statement put forward by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzak Rabin in reply to a question by a journalist during the Palestine and Israel peace negotiations in September 93. Incidentally the words came out from the mouth of one who had been deeply involved in enhancing the age old conflict in the Middle East. The statement however indicates that the peace is also in the offing. Mr Rabin was the chief of the land forces during the first major Israeli attack in 1967 seizing land masses of Egypt, Syria and Jordan. It is a historical irony that the same man is in the making of a peace for the trouble he had been a party.
4.The aim of this paper is to give you a brief account on the Palestinian problem and project about the recent peace initiatives and the improvement.
5.This paper attempts to discuss under some headings which will ultimately help us for the better understanding on the subject and will give us obviously a clear picture about the human cry in PALESTINE and the result out of it. For this reason the paper has been organized under the following prospects :
b.Palestine issue and it's liberation movement.
6.Location.It is a land bridge among the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, located at the centre of the Arab World. It is bounded on the North by Lebanon, on the East by Syria and Jordan, on the south by Egypt and on the west by Mediterranean sea.
7.The Ancient Kingdoms Around the Palestine.About 3000 BC some Cretan tribes landed on the sea shores and settled there. The biggest tribe was led by Philistia after whose name the country was later designated. Around 2000 BC, a number of nations and tribes like Egyptians, Canaanites and Babylonians were established in this part of the world. The descendants of the original inhabitants of the piece of land in question are of the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Aramaeans and the Arabs. The state of Canaan was the first in history to be founded at that place. The people were known as Canaanites. Soon the Cretans and the Canaanites merged together and came to be known as Philistines.