What is now known as Pakistan appeared on the map 50 years ago however, its history spans many thousands of years. Some of the earliest artifacts belonging to Stone Age men living fifty thousand years ago have been found in Pakistan. The earliest known civilization in Pakistan, the Harappan settled in the Indus valley region. Along with Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt, it was one of the world's earliest urban civilizations. The civilization constructed enormous cities that were well planned, with paved roads, watch towers and assembly halls. The people created one of the earliest forms of script, which to this day cannot be translated.
After the fall of the Indus valley civilization Pakistan was ruled by many different peoples. The conquest by Alexander the great in 326 BC brought Greek culture and influence spread to this part of Asia. During the year 2 BC, the Mauryan dynasty adopted Buddhism as the state religion; the dynasty flourished and prevailed for over 1,000 years, until the year 10 AD.
Following conflicts between the inhabitants of Pakistan and people on the Muslim peninsula the Muslim people amassed an army of 6,000 select Syrian and Iraqi soldiers, in 712 AD and conquered Pakistan. Following the invasion the local people, who had been living a life of misery, breathed a sigh of relief. The Muslims followed a lenient policy and treated the local population generously. Everyone had full religious freedom and even the spiritual leaders of local... [continues]
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