Pakistan Steel Mill

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PROJECT REPORT
“Analysis of Pakistan steel mill”
Subject: Analysis of Pakistani Industries
Class ID: 10127

Prepared By

1. Suraj Oad (4344)

2. Zeeshan Khan (4503)

3. M.Talha Atta-us-samad (4502)

4. Sumair hussain (4439)

Submitted To:
Sir Riaz Ahmed

Table of Contents
Introduction:4
Steel4
Significance of Steel Industry in Economic Growth4
Steel Recycling4
Production Process6
Basic Steelmaking Process:6
Various Steel melting processes:6
1.Electric high-frequency furnace and crucible processes6 2.Electric arc Furnace6
3.Bessemer method6
4.Open Hearth method6
5.Basic oxygen method6
Raw materials8
There are several basic elements which can be found in all commercial steels:8 Types of Steel Mills:9
INTEGRATED MILL:9
MINI MILL:9
The Consumption of Steel10
in everyday commodities and its uses10
Uses10
Types of Steel and pertinent uses:11
Long steel11
Flat carbon steel11
Stainless steel11
Industry Overview and11
Global Perspective11
Historical Analysis of Steel Industries in Pakistan12
Historical Analysis of the Steel Mill Projects in Pakistan13 The Kalabagh steel mill project:13
The Nokkundi iron ore project:13
The Pakistan Steel Mill (PSM):14
Importance of Pakistan Steel Mill14
Privatization of Pakistan Steel Mills:14
Suo moto notice15
Pakistan Steel: bail-out package approved by Gilani15
Steel Mills in Private Sector15
Al – Tuwairqi Steel Mills:16
1st Phase:16
2nd Phase:17
Consortium plans steel mill at Kalabagh:17
Pakistan Steel Production, Consumption & Growth Potential18 Comparative Imports of Metal Group during July-March, 2008-09 and 2009-1018 Government’s Role: Tariffs and taxes19
Auxiliary Industries20
SWOT analysis Pakistan Steel Industries21
Strengths:21
Weaknesses:21
OPPURTUNITIES:22
Threats:22
Recommendations:22
Improving Efficiency, Reducing Costs, and Increasing Overall Competitiveness.22 Future Prospects23
Extracting domestic Iron-Ore Reserves23
Al-Tuwairqi Steel Mills24
PAKISTAN STEEL MILL25
INTRODUCTION:25
HISTORY:26
Our vision:28
Our Mission :28
OBJECTIVES:29
LOCATION AND SITE:29
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY:30
Numbers of Main Products30
SWOT ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN STEEL MILLS31
STRENGTH:31
WEAKNESS32
OPPORTUNITIES34
THREATS35
Pakistan Steel Mills Factor Conditions and Issues37
Infrastructure:37
Raw Material:37
Labor:38
Technology38
Utilities:39
Environmental Issue40
Financial Crisis on Pakistan Steel Mill:41
Raw materials import by PSMC: banks refuse to open LCs46
some important question and answers about pakistan steel mill48 Bibliography55

Introduction:

A word about
“Steel”
and IT’S Significance in Economic Growth

Steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon (containing carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% depending on the grade). Apart from carbon, various other alloying elements are used, such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten.

Carbon and other elements act as a hardening agent, preventing dislocations in the iron atom crystal lattice from sliding past one another. Varying the amount of alloying elements and form of their presence in the steel (solute elements, precipitated phase) controls qualities such as the hardness, ductility, and tensile strength of the resulting steel.

Significance of Steel Industry in Economic Growth

The steel industry is often considered to be an indicator of economic progress, because of the critical role played by steel in infrastructural and overall economic development. The volume of steel consumed has been the barometer for measuring development and economic progress. Whether it is construction or industrial goods, steel is the basic raw material. However with the advancement in technology, lighter metals and...
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