Pakistan’s Gwadar Port – Prospects of Economic Revival

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NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL
MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA

THESIS
PAKISTAN’S GWADAR PORT – PROSPECTS OF ECONOMIC REVIVAL by Ammad Hassan June 2005 Thesis Advisor: Second Reader: Peter R. Lavoy Feroz Hassan Khan

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Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington DC 20503. 2. REPORT DATE 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED June 2005 Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Pakistan’s Gwadar Port – Prospects of Economic 5. FUNDING NUMBERS Revival -6. AUTHOR Ammad Hassan 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING Naval Postgraduate School ORGANIZATION REPORT Monterey, CA 93943-5000 NUMBER 9. SPONSORING /MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSORING/MONITORING N/A AGENCY REPORT NUMBER 11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES The views expressed in this thesis are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government. 12a. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT 12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited A 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank)

Pakistan is building a port at the southwestern city of Gwadar on the mouth of the oil rich Persian Gulf. It provides an economical route for the flow of Central Asia’s natural resources to the world along with easy access to the growing consumer markets of Asia. This thesis conceptualizes the Gwadar facility as a hub port that will contribute significantly to the revival of Pakistan’s economy. China mainly funded and completed the first phase of the Gwadar port in 2005. Islamabad is presently negotiating with private investors for the construction of the second phase. This thesis demonstrates the necessity of a white paper promulgating policies to attract foreign investment. The United States and key regional players are likely to view Chinese involvement in the Gwadar port project with suspicion. Any potential Chinese long-term military presence in the region will pose complications for Pakistan. The United States may request military basing rights at the Gwadar port to handle some future turbulent situation in the region. Any such eventuality would require Pakistan to strike a difficult balance between a time-tested friend and an ally. Pakistan must enunciate a policy of non-military use for foreign powers of the Gwadar port to help stimulate Pakistan’s economic revival. 14. SUBJECT TERMS Pakistan, Ports, Gwadar, Economy, Geostrategic importance 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 91 16. PRICE CODE

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PAKISTAN’S GWADAR PORT – PROSPECTS OF ECONOMIC REVIVAL Ammad Hassan Lieutenant Commander, Pakistan Navy B.Sc. (Hons.) Karachi University 1993 B.Sc. (Hons.) Bahria University 2003

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

MASTER OF ARTS IN NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS

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