PAK-INDIA Dialogue: Single-Point-Agenda: KASHMIR
By Atiq Durrani
KASHMIR Conflict: One of the oldest unresolved problem pending in the United Nations dates back to 1947. According to the resolution adopted by UNCIP (United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan) on 13 August 1948, the question of the accession of the State of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan was going to be decided through a free and impartial plebiscite, but that never happened. At present India administers 43% of Kashmir, Pakistan Administered Kashmir is 37% and 20% of Kashmir is under the administration of China. China settled its border disputes with Pakistan in the Trans Karakoram Tract in 1963 with the provision that the settlement was subject to the final solution of the Kashmir dispute. In 1962 Sino-Indian war was fought in this territory and in 2006 Chinese ambassador to India claimed that all of Arunachal Pradesh is Chinese territory this was followed up with a military buildup and numerous incursions into Sikkim, some penetrating by more than a kilometer.
United Nations Stance on Kashmir
United Nations consider Kashmir as a disputed territory between India and Pakistan. Resolution 47: The final disposition of the State of Jammu and Kashmir will be made in accordance with the will of the people expressed through free and impartial plebiscite conducted under the auspices of the United Nations. For this purpose India and Pakistan will remove its troops from Kashmir. UN asked Pakistan to remove its troops, after which India was also to withdraw the bulk of its forces. This resolution was accepted by both India and Pakistan. Resolution 1172: Although this resolution was mainly related to the nuclear tests conducted by India and Pakistan in 1998 but it also states that bilateral dialogue has to be the basis of India-Pakistan relations and mutually acceptable solutions have to be found for outstanding issues including Kashmir. Indian Stance
India consider all the Kashmir...
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