Padilla vs Ca

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THIRD DIVISION
[G.R. No. 121917.  March 12, 1997]
ROBIN CARIÑO PADILLA @ ROBINHOOD PADILLA, petitioner, vs. COURT OF APPEALS and PEOPLE of the PHILIPPINES, respondents. D E C I S I O N
FRANCISCO, J.:
On October 26, 1992, high-powered firearms with live ammunitions were found in the possession of petitioner Robin Padilla @ Robinhood Padilla, i.e.: "(1)    One .357 Caliber revolver, Smith and Wesson, SN-32919 with six (6) live ammunitions; "(2)    One M-16 Baby Armalite rifle, SN-RP 131120 with four (4) long and one (1) short magazine with ammunitions; "(3)    One .380 Pietro Beretta, SN-A 35723 Y with clip and eight (8) ammunitions; and "(4)    Six additional live double action ammunitions of .38 caliber revolver."[1] Petitioner was correspondingly charged on December 3, 1992, before the Regional Trial Court (RTC) of Angeles City with illegal possession of firearms and ammunitions under P.D. 1866[2] thru the following Information:[3] "That on or about the 26th day of October, 1992, in the City of Angeles, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, did then and there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously have in his possession and under his custody and control one (1) M-16 Baby Armalite rifle, SN-RP 131120 with four (4) long and one (1) short magazines with ammunitions, one (1) .357 caliber revolver Smith and Wesson, SN-32919 with six (6) live ammunitions and one (1) .380 Pietro Beretta, SN-A35723Y with clip and eight (8) ammunitions, without having the necessary authority and permit to carry and possess the same. ALL CONTRARY TO LAW."[4]

The lower court then ordered the arrest of petitioner,[5] but granted his application for bail.[6] During the arraignment on January 20, 1993, a plea of not guilty was entered for petitioner after he refused,[7] upon advice of counsel,[8] to make any plea.[9] Petitioner waived in writing his right to be present in any and all stages of the case.[10] After trial, Angeles City RTC Judge David Rosete rendered judgment dated April 25, 1994 convicting petitioner of the crime charged and sentenced him to an "indeterminate penalty from 17 years, 4 months and 1 day of reclusion temporal as minimum, to 21 years of reclusion perpetua, as maximum".[11] Petitioner filed his notice of appeal on April 28, 1994.[12] Pending the appeal in the respondent Court of Appeals,[13] the Solicitor-General, convinced that the conviction shows strong evidence of guilt, filed on December 2, 1994 a motion to cancel petitioner's bail bond. The resolution of this motion was incorporated in the now assailed respondent court's decision sustaining petitioner's conviction,[14] the dispositive portion of which reads: "WHEREFORE, the foregoing circumstances considered, the appealed decision is hereby AFFIRMED, and furthermore, the P200,000.00 bailbond posted by accused-appellant for his provisional liberty, FGU Insurance Corporation Bond No. JCR (2) 6523, is hereby cancelled.  The Regional Trial Court, Branch 61, Angeles City, is directed to issue the Order of Arrest of accused-appellant and thereafter his transmittal to the National Bureau of Prisons thru the Philippine National Police where the said accused-appellant shall remain under confinement pending resolution of his appeal, should he appeal to the Supreme Court.  This shall be immediately executory.  The Regional Trial Court is further directed to submit a report of compliance herewith. SO ORDERED."[15]

Petitioner received a copy of this decision on July 26, 1995.[16] On August 9, 1995 he filed a "motion for reconsideration (and to recall the warrant of arrest)"[17] but the same was denied by respondent court in its September 20, 1995 Resolution,[18] copy of which was received by petitioner on September 27, 1995.  The next day, September 28, petitioner filed the instant petition for review on certiorari with application for bail[19] followed by two "supplemental petitions" filed by different counsels,[20] a "second...
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