Topics: Public administration, Bureaucracy, Management Pages: 6 (552 words) Published: April 12, 2013
What is



Important Terms / Concepts / Topics

Policy implementation

Role of law in public versus private organizations

Public private similarities / differences regarding

Customers / clients

Internal processes / decisions

Profit motive

Public Administration

Implementation of laws / rules adopted by a governing body. It is:

The laws and rules and how they are created

The agencies created to implement the rules

The processes of those agencies

The people in those agencies

And more

Policy Implementation

Translating the print of statute books into changes in behavior by members of society—individuals, groups, organizations, and businesses.

Translates paper declarations of intent from the elective legislature and chief executive into reality.

Public Administration is The Study of Public Bureaucracy

Public bureaucracy refers to public organizations or the formal, rational system of relations among persons vested with administrative authority to carry out public programs

Public Administration versus
Private Administration

How similar are they?

Some argue administration is generic

How different are they?

Bureaucrats don’t Bur

Teachers teach

Police enforce laws

Park workers maintain parks

Managers manage

Typists type

Differences Between Private and Public Administration

Wallace Sayre

Argued that business and the public sector are alike in all unimportant respects.

Graham T. Allison

Pointed out similarities in the use of strategy, managing internal components, and managing external constituencies.

Public Organizations and the Law

One fundamental distinction between public and private is relationship to the law.

Public administration exists to implement the law.

Doing something requires finding a grant of authority in the law.

Private organizations can do anything unless against the law

Neither Government nor the Law is single purpose

The law is any rule passed since the beginning unless later rescinded

1789 at the federal level

Earlier or later for states

Many laws / programs created to meet the needs of the moment are inconsistent with earlier laws / programs

Differences Between Private and Public Administration

Government must serve all people and all segments of society.

Public administration must engage with diverse groups and individuals.

Planning and decision making becomes slower and more difficult.


Governed by law

More open to public scrutiny

Freedom of Information Act

Lower Tolerance for Errors

Private protected by ethos that it is always efficient

Occasional errors accepted

Public has ethos it is always inefficient

Occasional errors further proof of wastefulness

Government Job Often Harder

Privatize Profit, socialize loss

There are needs where profit not likely

Eliminating poverty

Health Care??

State and Local limited by geography

Not Necessarily the Profit Motive

In the broadest sense only criterion for success is profit

Private organizations can be nonprofits

Salvation Army, Chamber of Commerce

Bureaus within large organizations have no clear profits

Personnel, research, training, hierarchy

Differences Between Private and Public Administration

Ambiguity, an advantage in politics, can also make objectives unclear.

Power, often diffused in a political system, tends to be clearer in the corporate sector.

There are many competing and conflicting values in government, while performance measures tend to be more clear-cut in business.

Ethics in Public Organizations

Two sets of administrative values dominate public...
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