Processing methods such as reverse osmosis remove most chemical and microbiological contaminants.
2.2 TYPES OF WATER
Packaged waters, other than natural mineral waters, are waters for human consumption and may contain minerals, naturally occurring or intentionally added; may contain carbon dioxide, naturally occurring or intentionally added; but shall not contain added sugars, sweeteners, flavoring or other foods.
Bottled water from a well that taps a confined aquifer (a water-bearing underground layer of rock or sand) in which the water level stands at some height above the top of the aquifer. Accordingly, drinking water is water that is sold for human consumption in sanitary containers and contains no added sweeteners or chemical additives (other than flavors, extracts or essences). It must be calorie-free and sugar-free. Flavors, extracts or essences may be added to drinking water, but they must comprise less than one-percent weight of the final product or the product will be considered a soft drink.
Bottled water containing not less than 250 parts per million total dissolved solids may be labeled as mineral water. Mineral water is distinguished from other types of bottled water by its constant level and relative proportions of mineral and trace elements at the point of emergence from the source. No minerals can be added to this product.
It is water derived from an underground formation from which water flows naturally to the surface of the earth. Spring water shall be collected at the spring or through a bore hole tapping the underground formation feeding the spring. There shall be a natural force causing the water to flow to the surface through a natural orifice. The location of the spring shall be identifiable.
Glacial (Glacier) water
It is either the runoff directly from the natural melting of ice of glacier or water obtained from the melting of glacier ice at a bottled water operation.
Prepared water is substantially altered so that its composition is no longer characteristics of the defined origins. They have been rendered fit for human consumption or have passed through community water supply or have had the composition significantly changed.
Water that has been produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or other suitable processes can be labeled as purified bottled water. Other suitable product names for bottled water treated by one of the above processes may include "distilled water" if it is produced by distillation, "de-ionized water" if the water is produced by deionization, or "reverse osmosis water" if the process used is reverse osmosis.
3. OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY
Now around 100 companies sell an estimated 424 million liters of bottled water valued at around Rs. 200 crore in the country annually.
The tradition of bottled water and mineral water is not very old. Even in western countries the practice of bottled drinking water started in 1950s. The trend of having mineral water gained grounds in the market.
Since ancient time people have used water from mineral springs, especially hot springs, for bathing due to its supposed therapeutic value for rheumatism, arthritis, skin diseases, and various other ailments. Depending on the temperature of the water, the location, the altitude, and the climate at the spring, it can be used to cure different ailments. This started the trend of using mineral water for drinking purpose to exploit the therapeutic value of the water. This trend started gaining momentum in mid 1970s and since then large quantities of bottled water from mineral springs in France and other European The concept of bottled has been quite prevalent in western countries due to...