Pablo Neruda is regarded the greatest poet who wrote in the Spanish language to have ever lived. He was a man whose life was devoted to the pursuit of pleasure and self gratification and his works are distinguished for presenting expressions of himself as a child of nature, mythical landscapes and social passion. Neruda utilized elements of nature as representations of his visions. These elements have been carefully arranged to construct mental images and figures that corresponded with the context of his writing. In the latter part of his life, his approach in poetry took a major shift, focusing on his passion for justice and the social relevance of his poetry, whilst incorporating the personification and imagery of natural elements.
Neruda uses elements of nature as embodiment of his ideas. Throughout his career, he saw himself as a product of nature. He would continuously incorporate ‘natural’ subjects and themes in his work, somewhat constructing a parallel world to his. He loved the organic feel provided by creatures of the earth and the basic elements. ‘Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair’ states his past experiences as a lover and shows his explicit celebration of sexuality. In the poem Body of a Woman, he incorporates this technique effectively that he is able to clearly describe his love for the female subject.
“Body of skin, of moss, of eager and firm milk.
Oh the goblets of the breast! Oh the eyes of absence!
Oh the roses of the pubis! Oh your voice slow and sad!”
In this stanza, Neruda clearly states how special the subject is to him. He describes her of great beauty suggested by words like rose and by the phrase: ‘Body of skin… and firm milk’ (line 9). He was able to send across his message of ‘hunger to love and show affection’ to subject in the poem by presenting images that were created by his personification of natural elements.
The meticulous arrangements of words of natural elements employed by Neruda created...
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