P4 Unit 10

Topics: Drowning, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Abuse Pages: 6 (1963 words) Published: January 5, 2013

Scenario 1

There has been a fatal accident- a student has been found drowned in hydro pool.

What is the procedure?

When a person is drowning, the air passages close to prevent water from entering the lungs. This also prevents air from entering the lungs, and therefore depriving the victim of oxygen and eventually leading to unconsciousness and death. As in all first aid, the key rule is to protect yourself. The student who is drowning can strike out and pull down even the most competent swimmer; dirty water can hide dangers such as metal rubbish with sharp edges; and cold water can cause muscles to cramp very quickly. If possible, reach to the student from the safety using a pole, rope, aid to enable him to help himself out of the water. If in doubt about your ability to rescue the person safely, call for emergency help.

1. Keep the person still after they have been pulled out of the water. Any type of movement can possibly cause additional injuries.

2. Seek out help immediately. Dial 911 or send out someone to dispatch an ambulance to the scene of the drowning.

3. Begin mouth to mouth resuscitation if the drowning victim is not breathing on his own. Quickly sweep his mouth to remove any foreign objects and then place his head tilted upwards. Breathe every few seconds through his mouth while holding his nose shut.

4. Continue breathing for him until he is able to breathe on his own. If vomiting occurs, clear the mouth and continue the mouth to mouth resuscitation.

5. Check the victim for a pulse. Place your fingers on the drowning victim's neck and feel for a pulse. If there is none, you will have to begin CPR.

6. Allow the emergency personnel to take over once they arrive. They will be able to perform additional medical procedures on the victim as well as provide him with oxygen

What you shouldn’t do:

1. Do not rescue a victim if you cannot swim yourself. It would not be helpful to the student or safe for you if you try to rescue a victim without knowing how to swim. Get help or throw a flotation device to the student. 2. Do not rescue a student if you feel the victim is too large for you to bring to safety. It would not be helpful if you reach the student but cannot move her. 3. Do not leave an active drowning student while you go to get help. Remember, it takes less than 1 minute for someone to drown. Scenario 2

A student you do 1:1 work with is very withdrawn. She looks like she hasn’t had a bath for days, has dark bags under her eyes and bruise marks on her wrists. What should you do?

This can be a very delicate matter, when you’re dealing with a child and therefore the right procedures should be taken when dealing with these matters.

What a staff would have to do is:

- Remain calm & reassure the child
- Look for a quiet place to talk to the child alone without pressuring her. - Tell the child that you may need to another member of staff & reassure her that she hasn’t done anything wrong and she’s not in trouble so she doesn’t worry. - Do not pressure them to say something and if they do, and that you’re glad that the child told you. - Inform the social services and possibly the police.

Some professionals such as doctors, nurses, police and school teachers are legally obliged to report suspected child abuse. Any person who believes on reasonable grounds that a child needs protection can make a report to the Victorian Child Protection Service. It is the Child Protection worker’s job to assess and, where necessary, further investigate if a child or young person is at risk of significant harm. The Child Protection Service is part of the Victorian Department of Human Services. It provides child-centred, family-focused services to protect children and young people from significant harm caused by abuse or neglect within the family.

Potential signs of child abuse:

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