P3 Unit 5

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In order to achieve my P5 I have chosen the following four observation techniques, these are, , check list, time sampling, narrative observation and longitudinal observation. And to achieve the M3 I have evaluated my observation.

Check list at 14 months
Checklist observation should be positive, short, descriptive, understandable, and parallel in constructions, objective, not judgmental, not repeated, and representative on different types of development such as physical, emotional, intellectual and social. This type of observation is the quickest and easiest because it’s a simple tick chart that should include aims, goals and questions relevant to a specific age range. And once the child has achieved the aim or question it can then be easily ticked of once the. This observation technique contains important personal information such as name, date of birth and date of observation and the observer’s name. In order to maintain confidential the observer has to make sure that the observation checklist is not easily accessed by other individuals. The advantage to this observation

* Easy and quick
* Can use in presence of the child or later
* Useful for curriculum planning for individuals
* Several observers can gather the same information to check for reliability The disadvantage to this observation
* Closed” in nature, can only observe what is stated in the checklist * Lack of information about quality and duration of behavior and a description * It only concentrates on one specific area of development In this observation I used a sample checklist that was given to me in class. This method of observation was very clear to me and allowed me to see clearly what the child was able or not able to do there for it also allowed me to see if the child was behind on his development or not. Observer: Erica Oliveira Date: 20.03.2011

Date of birth: 23.01.2010 Child’s name: Child A
General Development | Yes | No | Sometimes |
Can he walk without help?| | | |
Can he pick objects up?Can he move items from one to another?| | | | Can he use his fingers or cutlery at meals times?| | | | Does he react to his name once it’s called out?| | | | Is he showing signs of rhythm and rhyme?| | | |

Is his babbling becoming clearer and easier to understand?| | | | Can he understand individual words for example ‘No’?| | | | Does he respond to different sounds?| | | |
Does he make any actions such as clapping?| | | |
Does he manage to pick up pens or pencils and hold them in his hand?| | | | Can he play with balls for example attempting to kick or throw them?| | | |

My evaluation
When using this observation technique I was able easily able to see that the child is doing a very good progress in his development, and that he is on the average expected milestone for his age. He mostly enjoys practical activities as he is very good and confident at them; this is a big advantage to the child’s development as it allows him to expand his development at a steady pace. By looking into development theories Mrs Skinner suggested that when babies are babbling away the parent should automatically smile at the child, as the baby will be felling pleased with the reaction and attention their getting of its parents. Time sampling at 15 months

This observation is usually used when there is a concern about an aspect of behaviour. This type of observation on the child is completed in over a period of time including small intervals, for example having small breaks for five to ten minutes.

The advantage of this observation
* Taking small breaks allow bonding with the child so they can feel more comfortable * Allows seeing what activities the child is interested on * Easy method to use

The disadvantage for this observation
* Depending on how long the observation is the child may get bored * The child may be tired and fall asleep
*...
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