In this assignment I am going to talk about 5 different lifestyle factors and how they effect the lifestyle of individuals. Also how does each of these factors effect development. I will then move further on to explain the nature and nurture debate, I will define each one of each and talk about why is it a debate. I will explain how nature and nurture effect development and back it up with theories. I am going to set the work out as a case study of a mother who is pregnant and her son. I will go on to talk about how asthma affects the mother and how will effect the baby and the mother is a drinker so I will talk about how this will effect the babies development. I will talk about the environmental problems that can affect the development of the whole family by discussing the effect pollution will have. I will also talk about how income effects the family’s development. I will then finish off by talking about the son smoking, which has an effect on all the families’ asthma. Genetic
A genetic factor that I am going to look at is asthma. Asthma is a common condition that is long term that is inflammation or swelling of the airways of the lungs. Due to the inflammation, airways are twitchy or irritable and narrow easily in response to a wide range of triggers. Asthma is one of the most common long term childhood medical condition affecting 1.1 million children in the UK meaning an average every 1:10 children have asthma. It is very likely to die from asthma but on average 1 person dies from asthma every 7 hours. “Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing” (www.nhlbi.nih.gov ). The coughing often occurs at night or early in the morning. People with asthma have problems with moving air in and out of the lungs. The causes of asthma can be from the family history as it is a genetic factor. Also other causes for asthma can be smoking during pregnancy, children whose parents smoke and environmental pollution. The typical symptoms for asthma are coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and tightness in the chest.
The mother has asthma due to is being passed on fro her parents. This is going to effect the physical development because she will be getting worn out easier and struggle to breathe when doing exercises. This could affect her when being in a job as if she rushing around all the time she will find her self with a shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing a lot. In her childhood it would of have effected her intellectual development as she may have struggles to do sports at school, leaving her feel left out and not able to participle in sports activities at school. This may affect her socially and emotionally because she may feel she is unable to get things done because she may have a shortness of breath when rushing about. She could have been an inactive child therefore did go out to play with her friends often and didn’t really socialize. In this case study that I am doing the mother is pregnant and she has asthma which has been passed down from her family, the mothers son also has asthma, meaning there is a higher risk for the baby to be born with asthma as well. The family will be treated with inhalers to relief their breathing. The son will be affected by the asthma, he will struggle with his intellectual development as he will be missing out on physical activities at school because he won’t be able to do a lot of exercise because he will get a shortness of breath. This will then go to effect the sons social skills because they wont be joining friendship groups and will be feeling left out because they can participate with others. As the son gets older he will have to be careful in what job he takes, he will have to do something that doesn’t involve much exercise or pushing things around, so this can affect the kind of job role they have and how much money pays. It is significant that the...
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