P15-1

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P15-1 Comparative statement data for Douglas Company and Maulder Company, two competitors, appear below. All balance sheet data are as of December 31, 2009, and December 31, 2008.
Douglas Company Maulder Company
2009 2008 2009 2008
Net sales $1,549,035 $339,038
Cost of goods sold 1,080,490 241,000
Operating expenses 302,275 79,000
Interest expense 8,980 2,252
Income tax expense 54,500 6,650
Current assets 325,975 $312,410 83,336 $ 79,467
Plant assets (net) 521,310 500,000 139,728 125,812
Current liabilities 65,325 75,815 35,348 30,281
Long-term liabilities 108,500 90,000 29,620 25,000
Common stock, $10 par 500,000 500,000 120,000 120,000
Retained earnings 173,460 146,595 38,096 29,998
Instructions
(a) Prepare a vertical analysis of the 2009 income statement data for Douglas Company and Maulder Company in columnar form.
(b) Comment on the relative profitability of the companies by computing the return on assets and the return on common stockholders’ equity ratios for both companies. P15-2 The comparative statements of Villa Tool Company are presented below. VILLA TOOL COMPANY

Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31
2009 2008
Net sales $1,818,500 $1,750,500
Cost of goods sold 1,011,500 996,000
Gross profit 807,000 754,500
Selling and administrative expense 516,000 479,000
Income from operations 291,000 275,500
Other expenses and losses
Interest expense 18,000 14,000
Income before income taxes 273,000 261,500
Income tax expense 81,000 77,000
Net income $ 192,000 $ 184,500
Prepare vertical analysis and
comment on profitability.
(SO 4, 5)
Unlike previous chapters,
Chapter 15 has one set of
problems in the book, not two.
A second set appears at the
Student Companion Site.
VILLA TOOL COMPANY
Balance Sheets
December 31
Assets 2009 2008
Current assets
Cash $ 60,100 $ 64,200
Short-term investments 69,000 50,000
Accounts receivable (net) 117,800 102,800
Inventory 123,000 115,500
Total current assets 369,900 332,500...
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