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DES 1101w: Intro to Design Thinking/Honors
P. Hemmis
Spring 2013
Review for Exam 1

Prep for Exam 1:
You are responsible for material covered in class, the readings and the notes. The readings and notes are on the course website. The exam will consist of short answer; fill in the blank, and an essay. Some questions simply require that you know the information; other questions will require that you apply the information.

Note 1: The lectures incorporate information from the readings, offer examples and points of discussion and build connections to other course concepts. The readings often address the concepts in greater depth. Review the readings! Note 2: The videos shown during Segment 1 of the course are on the course website. The Deep Dive is not listed. You can find a three-part version of IDEO’s The Deep Dive on You Tube.

Know the following terms, definitions and models:
• Artifact
Can you give examples of the scope of Yi-Fu Tuan’s definition? If I gave you an example, could you explain why it fits this definition of artifact? •



Prescriptive
Proscriptive
Reflective
If I gave you a definition, could you supply the correct term? If I gave you the term, would you know the definition? Could you give me an example that supports your answer? Review your notes. Prepare your own example that describes each of the above terms.



Know the following definitions of design and design thinking: Herbert Simon’s definition of design
Lawson’s definition of design
Tim Brown’s definition of design
If I gave you a definition, could you name the author? If I gave you the author, would you know the definition? Review your notes.



Know Lawson’s two-dimensional drawing of his design process model. Be able to draw and label all of the components of Lawson’s model. Be able to draw in the feedback loops.



Feedback Loop
If I gave you a definition, could you supply the correct term? If I gave you the term, would you know the definition? Can you identify a feedback loop in a design process?

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Why are feedback loops so important to design thinking?

Lawson’s Two-dimensional Drawing of his Design Process Model



Know the Kilmer and Kilmer, and Koberg and Bagnall Design Process models.
You should know the basic steps of each model, and be able to give examples to illustrate each step. The IDEO Deep Dive video or your “Make It Better Project” could provide strong examples. If I give you a scenario, you should be able to identify the step that is being described. If I asked for an example of a feedback loop from the IDEO video, you should be able to provide one, naming the precise steps where it occurred.



Review Tim Brown’s ideas regarding constraints as presented in the reading and in the lecture. Know the individual components of his models of constraints. Be able to define each of the three constraints. If I give you an example, can you tell me which constraint is being addressed and explain why you are correct? Be able to explain why constraints are important to design thinking.



Know Tim Brown’s definition of design that incorporates his ideas regarding constraints.



How does Tim Brown define prototyping? Why is it valuable to designers? Brown discusses many variations of prototyping. What are some that he discusses? What is meant by the idea of “just enough” in terms of prototyping?



What are the key concepts of abductive reasoning? What is the relation of abductive reasoning to design thinking? Why is Charles Saunders Peirce’s concept of “wondering” so important to abductive reasoning?



Review Barry Kudrowitz’ lecture notes. What is divergent thinking? What is the correlation between play and creativity? How do researchers describe the state of mind during play? You should know at least two of the qualities listed. Why is “pretend play” or counterfactual creativity

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important? What are associative tools and why are they important? In his...
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