Overview of hospitality and tourism in Australia
Australia is a country comprising the mainland of the Australia continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world’s sixth largest country by total area. Neighboring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north the Solomon islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the north east and New Zealand to the south east. Blue skies, lush landscapes, fine wine, kangaroos and a rich history... it's no wonder hospitality and tourism is one of the top industries in Australia! In 2007, there were 5.6 million visitor arrivals, according to Tourism Australia research. The School of Tourism at the University of Queensland estimates that tourism and related sectors are worth $70 billion to Australia's economy each year. Gaming and other gambling activities bring in a further $150 billion on average. The hospitality and tourism industry is made up of a variety of interconnected sectors, including lodging (everything from backpacker hostels to luxury resorts), recreational activities (cruises, casinos, theme parks and the like), rental cars and food services. All of these sectors work in tandem with the transportation industry to bring consumers to the destinations where they'll spend money on the local goods and services. In the industry, this is known as an "upstream" effect: the more likely travelers are to board a plane to get somewhere, for instance, the higher in demand the hospitality and tourism industry's services become. Hotels fall into several categories: commercial, resort, residential, extended-stay and casino/gaming. Some commercial hotels are also classified as conference facilities, with spaces designed to accommodate large-scale meetings and events. In addition, during the last few years, properties more commonly tack on charges to the room rate (for facilities fees, energy taxes or wireless charges, for example), regardless of whether the guest has actually...
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