Overview of Benito Mussolini

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Benito Mussolini

The new state of Italy was far from being a great success in the years before 1914. The First World War left the Italian economy crippled and her treatment by the Treaty of Versailles did not help at all. Between 1919 and 1922 there were five different governments in Italy, all of which were useless in taking action to what was needed.

Benito Mussolini was born in 1883. Before the start of WW1, he had been a socialist journalist. He left the socialist party and started the fascists because he supported the war and the other people within the socialist party did not. In 1919, Mussolini began to organise gangs of veterans into a political force. The Fascists soon gained a reputation for attacking rival parties and had various street fights with the socialists. They wore black shirts (As seen in the March of Rome). Throughout his early political career, he kept changing his policies and would do so in order to gain power and popularity among the people. Once in power he tried to convince the Italian people that he was ‘special’ and finally succeeded after mass propaganda.

In 1922, Mussolini and his Fascist followers finally came into power. He did so by staging a march in Rome to get publicity and to show how strong their group is. King Emmanuel III supported the fascists instead of the current PM at the time (Luigi Facta) because he thought that the Fascists could help the country and would improve law and order and stop Italy moving towards communism. At first the Fascists did not have complete control and had to share power with other parties but after rigged elections in 1924, Mussolini strengthened his power within the country. While the elections were happening, the leader of the Socialist party shed light to Italy about his violent ways and later on within the month he disappeared and was found in a Forrest. From 1925 onwards, Mussolini began ruling Italy as a dictator (He had the rights to do so for 1 year or so the law said...
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