OVERPOPULATION IN CHINA
Nearly 4,000 cities on our planet today have populations of 100,000 people or more and these figures are only increasing as the world plummets into a state of extreme overpopulation. Overpopulation refers to the human population, the environment and the deepening concern that Earth doesn't have enough resources to support the growing global community. “The world population is currently growing by 74 million people per year – the equivalent of a city the size of San Francisco every three days” (ABF U-Pack Moving). This rapid growth of the world’s population can be seen extensively in high density nations such as India, USA and particularly, China. However, there is much debate concerning the nature of the fast expanding populace of China and its impact on not only the Chinese society but also the global community. In last 50 years, China has seen the most significant increase in population growth due to medical advancements and increases in agricultural productivity. This growth has also been attributed to a number of factors such as, an increase in births, a decline in mortality rates, an increase in immigration and depletion of resources. “If fertility remained at current levels, the population would reach the absurd figure of 296 billion in just 150 years” (McKibben 1998). In 2010 over half of the world's total population (3.5 billion people) lived in cities - and that percentage is expected to reach 70% (6.2 billion people) or more by 2050. Today, there are 1,313,180,218 people (almost 4 billion) currently living in China alone, accounting for 60% of the world’s population. Thus, it has the largest population in Asia and the world as a whole. However, the immense number of people residing in cities like Beijing is creating an employment crisis in China where there are too many people and not enough jobs. The current Chinese unemployment rate was last reported at 4.1% in the second quarter of 2012. Historically, from 2002 until 2012, China unemployment Rate averaged 4.15%reaching an all-time high of 4.3% in December of 2003 and a record low of 3.9% in September of 2002 (Trading Economics, 2012). “China's job market could suffer a downturn and the government needs to step up efforts to create more positions” (Jiabao, The Telegraph, Friday 28 September 2012). If predictions for a further increase in the population are accurate then “China's employment situation will become more complex and more severe," (Wen, 2012, The Official China Securities Journal). Many tactics are currently in action to decrease the population, such as China’s One Child Policy. The one-child limitation is part of the population control policy of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It officially restricts couples to having only one child, while allowing exemptions for several cases, including twins, rural couples, ethnic minorities, and parents without any siblings themselves. Approximately 35.9% of China's population is currently subject to the one-child restriction. The policy was introduced in 1978 by the Chinese government to alleviate social, economic, and environmental problems in China and authorities claim that the policy has prevented more than 250 million births from 1980-2000 and 400 million between 1979-2011 (Rocha da Silva, Pascal 2006). The Chinese government and many environmentalists claim that population control is essential if humanity is to move on to a more sustainable track (Watts, 2011). In contrast, an article in The Age written by Peter Cai in July 2012 claims that the one child policy will not reap the desired benefits that the people of China are anticipating. He claims that the Chinese Government needs to “take immediate action to change its controversial one-child policy, or face the consequences of economic and social catastrophes in the near future” (Cai, 2012). Zhang Erli (a former senior official from the Family Planning Commission) further claims that ''If the current policy is not changed...
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