Over Medication of Prescription Drugs in Children & Adolescents

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The Pervasive State of Mental Illness and the Over Medication of Prescription Drugs in Children & Adolescents

Abstract
This study examines the pervasive state of mental illness and the overmedication of prescription drugs on children and adolescents between the ages of 5 and 18 years of age, here in America. It has been predicted that the lack of studies on the medicated child has not been able to determine the overall long term effects that it might have on the participants involved. However, community supported programs such as Blended Case Management have become the cornerstone to managing and providing supportive  care for the client and the families that suffer from the diagnosis of DSM IV or AXIS 1 classifications. Across the Atlantic the World Heath Organizations international mental health policies and programs are securely in place to ensure that everyone big or small is provided adequate care when dealing with the mental health in poverty stricken communities.

The Current State of Mental Health & the Medicated Child Mental Illness in children and adolescents is one of the most pervasive illnesses’ that is sweeping the American landscape. Every day a child is diagnosed under the classification of the DSM - IV or Axis I - R Diagnosis. DSM - IV or Axis I - R diagnosis is the criteria for which patients seek treatment for the following disorders that includes bi-polar disorders, schizophrenia, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and Mood Disorders. Early diagnosis and treatment with psychotropic drugs has increased in children from the ages of 5 - 18 years of age. Prescription drugs in children still remain virtually untested for long term serious side effects on the growth of children. Overzealous doctors and the pharmaceutical companies play a decisive role in the treatment of these illnesses. Currently there are over one million children that are being treated for mental disorders in the United States alone (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2008). Many questions still remain pertaining to the overall remedy of such a deliberate action. Are children receiving the proper diagnosis and treatment for their illness?

The diagnosis and behavior modification drugs for treating a variety of illnesses in children has been an ongoing debate among parents, doctors and the Federal Drug Administration for the past decade. How much is too much and when do you stop? No one seems to know the answers. Children are in a constant state of flux.

Once a child is diagnosed with a mental illness various medications are prescribed to maintain the psychiatric symptoms and disorders, and they can include anything from bedwetting, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression disorder, eating disorder, bipolar disorder formerly manic-depressive, psychosis, autism, severe aggression, and sleep problems (CABL, 2005).

The types of medication that are used in treating these psychoses are stimulant medications, Antidepressant medications, antipsychotic medications, mood stabilizers, and anticonvulsant medications.

One of the most prevalent illnesses in recent years that deserve a notable mention is the rise of Autism. Autism is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Autism is generally characterized by impaired social interactions problems with verbal and non verbal communication, and unusual, repetitive or severely limited activities in interests. No one knows what causes autisms; some have said that it is due to the inoculation of vaccinations in the early development of the child which in turn throws off the natural development of our children, thus creating symptoms that lead to Autism. Experts have estimated that three to six children out of every 1000 will have autism. Males are also more likely than...
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