Outsourcing emerged a few thousand years ago due to the production and sales of food, tools and other household appliances. Once societies and communities began to form people with specialized professions began to trade with one another for goods and services. During the industrial revolution the first wave of outsourcing occurred. At this time the companies doing the outsourced work were mostly located in the same country. During the 1970s, in the United States, it was common for computer companies to export their payrolls to outside service providers for processing. Accounting services, payroll, billing and word processing all became outsourced work in the 1980s. The reasons for outsourcing had more to do with small efficiencies than reshaping the economy. During the late 1980s outsourcing began to emerge as a potentially powerful force in transforming global economies. Early outsourcing by corporations like Kodak and American Standard captured the public’s eye. Kathleen Hudson said her goal was to “plug into the wall and have data come out.” This kind of thinking is what helped outsourcing prosper.
Outsourcing can boost developing nation’s economies. However, the world is a finite space with limited resources. Ironically, it is humankind’s ability to innovate that may account for the demise of outsourcing. New technologies may eventually make the workplace as we know it... [continues]
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