•Wants reform thru education
•A martyr to oppression, obscurantism and bigotry.
•Create a cult and vilify other heroes
•Theodore Friend: Between Two Empires
Chose him (Rizal) as a model hero over Aguinaldo, Bonifacio and Mabini. Philippine Commission Acts
oAct No. 137 which organized the politico-military district of Morong and named it the province of Rizal "in honor of the most illustrious Filipino and the most illustrious Tagalog the islands had ever known, " oAct No.243 which authorized a public subscription for the erection of a monument in honor or Rizal at the Luneta oAct No. 346 which set aside the anniversary of his death as a day of observance. •Governor W. Cameron Forbes: The Philippine Islands
They favored a hero who would not run against the grain of American colonial policy. Bonifacio and Mabini vs. American colonial policy.
Rizal was a reformer, not a separatist
The Role of Heroes
•Rizal possessed a particular talent which influenced the style of the period •Rizal may have given form and articulation and color to the aspirations of the people •Mass action is not the utterances of a leader; rather, these leaders have been impelled to action by historical forces unleashed by social development. •He is a hero in the sense that he was able to see the problems generated by historical forces, discern the new social needs created by the historical development of new social relationships, and take an active part in meeting these needs. •But he is not a hero in the sense that he could have stopped and altered the course of events. •The truth of this statement is demonstrated by the fact that the Revolution broke out despite his refusal to lead it and continued despite his condemnation of it.
Innovation and Change
•The English occupation of the country, the end...