Legislation, Policies and Procedures for Health, Safety and Security.
P2 – In this essay I am going to outline how legislation, policies and procedures relating to health, safety and security influence health and social care settings. M1 – I am also going to describe how health and safety legislation, policies and procedures promote the safety of individuals in a health or social care setting.
Health and Safety Legislation
Legislation is a law or act which has been enacted by a governing body. Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, authorize, provide (funds), declare or to restrict. Legislations are important throughout any work environment and society as without them we are not protected from hazards and promoting safety in the workplace. Two of the most important pieces of health and safety across the UK are the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999. These set the standards that must be met to ensure the health and safety of all employees and others who may be affected by any work activity. Other legislations also exist to cover all work activities that carry risks such as RIDDOR (Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995), Food Safety Act 1990, Care Minimum Standards 2003, Care Home Regulations 2001 and The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992. The setting I am going to be focusing this essay on is an Elderly Care Home, as this is where I have acquired a placement.
MANUAL HANDLING OPERATIONS REGULATIONS 1992
The Manual Handling Act 1992 applies to a wide range of manual handling activities, including lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling or carrying. The load may be either objects such as a box or a trolley, or alive such as a person or an animal. This guidance gives useful practical advice for employers, managers, safety representatives and individual employees on how to reduce the risk of injury from manual handling. Manual handling injuries can occur wherever people are at work - on farms and building sites, in factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, laboratories, and while making deliveries. Heavy manual labour, awkward postures, manual materials handling, and previous or existing injuries are all risk factors in the development of MSDs. The term MSD (Musculoskeletal Disorders) covers any injury, damage or disorder of the joints or other tissues in the upper and lower limbs or the back. How it Influences Health Care Settings
The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 influences a Health Care Setting as all staff who are required to lift or carry residents and items around the care home should be trained how to do so correctly to make the job easier for themselves and to avoid personal risk such as an MSD. Also the care home should provide the right sort of equipment to help aid the care workers such as hoists/sling lifts. These are assistive devices that allow patients in hospitals and nursing homes to be transferred between a bed and a chair or other similar resting places, using hydraulic power. Also care workers should be trained how to use this machinery so they don’t harm the patients or themselves whilst using it.
How it Promotes Safety in a Health Care Setting
The Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 promotes safety in a Health Care setting as it ensures that the staff follows the basic rules on how to reduce risk of injury and safely deal with manual handling. This means it reduces the chance of back strain, or muscular problems meaning a lower number of people would be having time off from work due to illness. It also ensures that patients receive the best care possible and that they aren’t injured (e.g. not fitted correctly into hoists or falling from them.) due to undertrained staff.
Riddor is the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations. These regulations are enforced to ensure that the all of the...