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The Effectiveness of Community Policing

By Rhonda J. Tillman Eastern Michigan University School of Police Staff & Command May 23, 2000

Abstract Community policing is the newest terminology for law enforcement. It is a federally funded initiative. Built on the premise that everyone should be working to reduce the fear of crime. A glimpse at police departments across the nation who have implemented community policing, will reveal if there’s been any change, real or otherwise. Chicago and Detroit as well as many other cities have secured funds to implement this new phenomenon. This paper will review the feelings of the community as well as officers concerning this subject. The writer will examine surveys, Department of Justice reports as well as program evaluations. The major obstacle has always been getting people (police and community) to change from the way we have always done things to accepting new and innovative ideas.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract ................................................................................................................. ii Statement of the Problem Introduction............................................................................................... 1 Background of the Problem ...................................................................... 1 Purpose of the Study................................................................................. 2 Statement ................................................................................................... 3 Goals ......................................................................................................... 4 Objectives.................................................................................................. 4 Definition.................................................................................................. 5 Literature Review Introduction............................................................................................... 7 Community Policing Strategies ................................................................ 7 Detroit Police Department Sample Survey............................................... 8 Community Policing in Chicago ............................................................. 11 Methodology ....................................................................................................... 14 Conclusion/Summary Summary................................................................................................. 15 Conclusion .............................................................................................. 15 Recommendation .................................................................................... 16 Appendices Appendix A Bibliography....................................................................... 17 Appendix B Detroit PD Citizen Survey.................................................. 18

CHAPTER ONE: STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Introduction Community policing has numerous definitions. The operational definition for this paper will define community policing as bringing police and citizens together to prevent crime and solve problems, emphasizing the prevention of crime rather than the traditional policing method of responding to crime after it happens. Instituted in the 1990’s as a way to foster better relations between the police and community. Community policing became a popular term. This philosophy was seen as a way of reducing future crime problems. Federal funds provided substantial incentives and resources for police agencies to adopt this philosophy. Background of the Problem In 1994 the Detroit Police Department instituted community policing. A civilian deputy chief was hired and tasked with the responsibility for creating and implementing a community policing program in a department with over 4,500 employees. In an environment where people are resistant to change, having an outsider trying to implement change in...
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