Understand how to safeguard the well being of children and young people
Outline current legislation guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people.
Legislation covering child protection can be divided into two main types, criminal law, dealing with people who have offended or are at risk of offending against children, and civil law, which is divided into public law and private law. Public law puts in place systems and processes in order to minimise the risk of children coming to harm and lays out what action should be taken if children are at risk. Private law deals with family proceedings such as divorce and contact. Some Acts contain both types of Law.Children and Young Persons Act 1933This was one of the first acts to be passed in Parliament with regards to protecting and safeguarding the welfare of children in the UK and it forms a basis on which many other Laws regarding children’s rights and safeguarding have been made and has hundreds of amendments to bring its detail up to date.It defines a variety of ways that children that may experience suffering, injury or damage to health, including loss of sight, hearing, limbs, body organ and includes mental cruelty and damage it describes as mental derangement. It makes it an offence for a person over 16 years old who is responsible for the child to cause or allow these types of harm to be caused to the child deliberately, by neglect, abandonment or allowing someone else to. It specifically defines protecting children from being burned by open fires or other heating appliances by not allowing them into a room without a guard in place and failure to take ”reasonable precautions” to prevent burns and scalds will make them liable to prosecution. It states that the parent or a person responsible for upkeep of the child shall be responsible for ensuring they have adequate food, clothing, medical aid and housing and that they have made all attempts to provide these. It made it an offence to sell tobacco and tobacco products to under 18’s and stated the punishments and consequences for breaking the law and how to enforce them. It also describes who could confiscate tobacco products from minors. It recognises child exploitation and does not allow children under 16 to be used for begging or busking. It does not allow children over the age of four to live in or frequent brothels. Children under the age of twelve years are not permitted to be trained to or take part in performances of a dangerous nature and a license is required after that age but must be in line with the other laws in this Act.Although it does not state ratios it requires “sufficient adults” to be present in a building or place where the entertainment is predominantly for children and requires the entertainment provider to restrict admittance to ensure a safe number for the size of the premises. It specified the age, hours in a day and in a week a child is allowed to work and varies accordingly between days they are required to attend school, weekends and school holidays. It states that children must not undertake work that is likely to be harmful to the safety, health or development of children and must not adversely affect their attendance at school.It gives police power of entry to premises to stop, prevent or bring to court offenders of these laws.Children, except babes in arms, are not permitted in court in court during trials of others except for the time that they are participating as a witness. It requires a child brought before the court to have a responsible adult with them, right to legal representation and for a court to be “cleared”, only court officials present, before they give evidence. There are restrictions as to what personal details newspapers and press can report about the child. No child under 10 can be found guilty of an offence. Originally for ages under 21, youth...