Outline "Creating an American Culture"

Topics: Religion, Edgar Allan Poe, Alexis de Tocqueville Pages: 2 (368 words) Published: December 6, 2012
Creating an American Culture – 1790-1860

I. Religion – by 1850 ¾ claim to be religious, but not most far from Puritan form
A. Deism – God is great clockmaker – founding fathers
B. Unitarianism – God is loving creator, father figure, people control destiny
C. Second Great Awakening – attempt to return to conservative religious practice
1. Effects – more converted, some churches destroyed, others created
a. Methodists/Baptists – poor attracted/non-traditional
2. Camp Meetings – traveling preachers, thousands gather, get “saved”
D. Mormon – Joseph Smith – organized, group dynamic – new message from God
1. Feared by neighbors – voted as unit, polygamy, n ot individualistic
2. Brigham Young moved to Utah – MO and Ohio kicked out

II. Education Reform – creation of public schools/state sponsored universities A. Before – public schools seen as for poor only – convinced that education benefits society B. Little Red Schoolhouse – not effective, multiple grades one room, poorly trained teachers C. Horace Mann – longer school term, better teacher training/pay D. Universities start for women + state supported universities E. Create common school texts to be shared across nation – Webster’s Speller

III. Reform Movements – inspired by Great Awakening – on earth you should try to combat evil A. Women – considered keeper’s of nation’s morals – led movement a. Gained more power – especially on frontier – supply and demand B. Some say those involved for self-centered reasons – they get to create society to benefit self C. Temperance – excess drinking affecting labor, family, crime, and rowdy social occasions a. Choices – temperance (moderate use) or legislation i. Women’s usage actually decreases

D. Jails – not just punishment but help “penitentiaries” (penance) or “correctional facilities” E. Mentally ill – Dorothea Dix – better treatment living conditions at...
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