Outline at Least Three Perspectives Relevant to Sociology

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For my main perspective I have chosen Functionalism. Why?? Intersting to know and understand what builds society. Haralambos and Holborn (2004) gives a brief description of the subjects history. The most influencial of early sociologists was french female Emile Durkheim. The theory was officially founded by talcott Parson in the 20th century. From the 1960's onwards its popularity decreased largely due to competing perspectives and fashion. Functionalists analyse and cocclude the effect an institution has on society as a whole unit. Giddens (2001) states society is a complicated unit consisting of different communities working with each other to produce quality and solidarity.Macionis and Plummer (2005) states that for functionalists modern societies must be baxsed on agreement and that the modern societies have created equal opportunity. Haralambos and Holborn (2004) suggest that in order to analyse any part of society such as the family it simkply has to be viewed in relation to society as a whole. Interestingly Organic analogy used often by functionalists such as Comte and Durkheim involves the idea of comparing the working society to that of a living organism. Moral Consensus is where many people hold the same values and this is known to give rise to strength and stability in societ and is strongly emphasized by functionalism. Strenght and stability is thought to be the norm of society (Giddens (2001)). Giddens (2001) states that functionalism is currently in the firing line suggesting that immoderate stress factors have lead to social cohesion at the expense of those producing conflict. Haralambos and Holborn (1995) explains from a functionalist`s perspective society makes a system. Gender perspectives inspired by functionalist indigate that gender difference create social order and integration.n Functionalist`s state that this gender difference occours because it is natural. Both men and women perform tasks in which they are most comfortable...
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