Our Personality and Social Psychology
Personality and Social Psychology
A. The Psychoanalytic Perspective- focuses on the study of “mentally sick “ people.
• “Exploring the unconscious- Sigmund Freud’s research, lead him to create the hypothesis that emotional disorders are developed and formed form one’s unconscious make up. Sigmund used ones’ dreams along with free associations to analyze the subject’s unconscious and the creation, process, and effects of emotional disorders. A free association is “a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.”(Pg.422). Sigmund Freud coined this process as psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is the “theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts.”(P422) He theorized that our unconscious is “a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologist, information processing of which we are unaware.”(Pg. 422) He believes that ones’ personality was composed through a process in the brain, which made up of three pleasure-seeking impulses, the id, the ego, and the super ego. The id “contains a reservoir of unconscious energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.”(Pg. 423) The ego is “ the largely conscious, “executive” part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id’s desire in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.”(Pg. 423) The superego is “that part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations.’(Pg. 423) Freud... [continues]
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