Ottoman Red Crescent

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THE FIRST OTTOMAN CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATON IN THE SERVICE OF THE OTTOMAN STATE: The Case of the Ottoman Red Crescent (Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti)

by HÜSNÜ ADA

Submitted to the Graduate School of Administrative and Social Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts Sabancı University September 2004

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02.09.2004

Approval of the Institute of Social Sciences
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Prof. Dr. Nakiye Boyacıgiller Director I certify that thesis satisfies all the requirements as a thesis for the degree of Master of Arts ___________________________ Prof. Dr. Ahmet Alkan Dean This is to certify that we have read this thesis and that in our opinion it is fully adequate, in scope and quality, as a thesis for the degree of Master of Arts. __________________________ Asst. Prof. Dr. Selçuk Akşin Somel Supervisor Examining Committee Members Name _________________________ Asst. Prof. Dr. Hülya Canbakal Name _________________________ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ali Çarkoğlu

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© Hüsnü Ada 2004 All Rights Reserved

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ABSTRACT THE FIRST OTTOMAN CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATON IN THE SERVICE OF THE OTTOMAN STATE: THE CASE OF THE OTTOMAN RED CRESCENT (OSMANLI HİLAL-İ AHMER CEMİYETİ) Hüsnü Ada M..A., Department of History Supervisor: Assist. Prof Selçuk Akşin Somel September 2004 This study focused mainly on the organization and structure of the Ottoman Red Crescent (Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti) under an analytical perspective. This included the history, regulation, central and provincial administration, types of activities, the Ottoman Red Crescent Delegation of Women, financial data and the personalities of the leading figures of the Ottoman Red Crescent. By this, I aimed to discuss the nature of the Ottoman Red Crescent, which might help the readers to go beyond the conception that the Ottoman Red Crescent was an extension of the state. As will be understood from the title of this study, in many ways the Ottoman Red Crescent was in the service of the Ottoman state. What becomes evident is that the Ottoman Red Crescent had a huge network of organization, and the Ottoman society internalized it. The combination conjectural factors with the successful administration led the Ottoman Red Crescent to gain a respectable place both among the Ottoman ruling elite and the Ottoman public which had the following results : the Ottoman Red Crescent as a place for the unification for the Ottoman elite with the Ottoman society, and the huge donations made by the Ottoman public. This study provided a picture depicting the Ottoman Red Crescent as a quasi-autonomous association from the state. Keywords: Hilal-i Ahmer (Kızılay), Ottoman Red Crescent, Ottoman Public Space, Civil Society, Civil Society Organization, Second Constitutional Period,

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ÖZ OSMANLI DEVLETİ’NİN HİZMETİNDEKİ İLK SİVİL TOPLUM ÖRGÜTÜ: OSMANLI HİLAL-İ AHMER CEMİYETİ Hüsnü Ada Yüksek Lisans, Tarih Bölümü Tez Yöneticisi: Yard. Doç. Dr. Selçuk Akşin Somel Eylül 2004

Bu tez Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti’nin organizasyonel yapısını analitik bir perspektifle ele almaktadır. Bu bağlamda Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti’nin tarihi, yönetmeliği, merkez ve taşra teşkilatı, sergilediği faaliyetler, Hanımlar Merkezi, finansal bilgileri ve önde gelen yöneticilerinin kişilikleri incelenmiştir. Bu şekilde bildik Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti’nin devletin uzantısı olduğu yaklaşımının ötesine geçilmesine imkan verecek şekilde Cemiyetin doğası üzerinde tartışmayı amaçladım. Tezin başlığından da anlaşılacağı gibi Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti bir çok açıdan Osmanlı Devleti’nin hizmetindeydi. Dahası Cemiyetin çok kapsamlı bir organizasyonu vardı ve Osmanlı toplumu tarafından özümsenmişti. Konjöktürel faktörlerin başarılı bir yönetim ile oluşturduğu birliktelik, cemiyete hem yönetici elit hem de halk nezdinde saygın bir konum sağladı. Böylece Osmanlı Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti hem Osmanlı yönetici eliti ile Osmanlı halkının kaynaştığı...
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