•Compare and Contrast: Socially, Politically, Economically, Religiously, Militarily. (Socially)
Ottoman Turks: Each millet, or nation, inside the empire had separate social customs in accordance with the religion of the millet, Muslim women had harsh restrictions as with Islamic law, but the non-Muslim, women were subject to separate laws, and Even Muslim women had more rights than in other Muslim nations. Safavids: Mixed society just like the Ottoman, Turkic-speaking tribal groups, Aristocrats had limited power and influence. (Political)
Ottoman Turks: The Ottoman Empire was the most successful at maintaining power for a longer time. It was able to survive until modern times. The two other empires collapsed by the seventeenth century. The leader of the Ottoman Turks was known as the Sultan which was similar to an emperor. It was hereditary. Islamic Law was applied to all Muslims. Safavid: Shahs walked around the streets in disguise in order to find the honesty of the citizens. High positions were given by merit and often were foreigners. (Economic)
Ottoman Turks: Starting in the 15th century pottery, rugs, silk, other textiles, jewelry, arms and armor, and calligraphy flourished. Justinian had brought cultivation of silkworms to the area in the 16 th century. Silks were produced under the Sultan leaders, but rugs were a peasant industry. Separate villages had their own distinctive designs. All rugs though use the “Gordian knot” from the Gordes region. Tribal leaders collected the taxes. Safavids: Took direct interest in economy, Engaged in manufacturing and trade, King monitored economy very closely, would kill people for dishonest business practices, However, probably not as wealthy as Ottoman.