Ostioarthritis

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OSTEOARTHRITIS

BY KRYSTAL FIELD
OSTEOARTHRITIS

CONTENTS

1.Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………….. page 1 2.What is osteoarthritis …………………………………………………………………….. page 1 3.Who is at risk…………………………………………………………………………………. page 3 4.Which parts of the body does it affect…………………………………………... page 3 5.The affect it can have on a person………………………………………………….. page 3 6.How do doctors diagnose osteoarthritis …………………………………………. page 4 7.Treatment…………………………………………………………………………………………page 5 8.Who helps care for someone with osteoarthritis………………………….…. page 4 9.Prevention…………….………………………………………………………………………… page 6 10.How one may use kinesiology with osteoarthritis ………………………….. page 7 11.Conclusion……………………………………………………………….……………………… page 7 12.Electronic sources ………………………………….………………………………………..page 8 13.Illustration references …………….……………………………………………………….page 9

INTRODUCTION
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and or joint disease you will come across. In which the number of cases diagnosed each year is expected to dramatically rise across the world in years to come. It is estimated that in the US alone by the time 2030 there will be around 65million people with it. (Please refer to figure 1 below.) Also with over $50 billion going towards treatment and diagnosis involved with it, and that’s only this year. Makes you wonder if there is anything that we may be able to do now to help in prevention and treatment of this condition. In this booklet all you need to know about osteoarthritis

WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS…..
Osteoarthritis affects the cartilage that covers the end of the bone where they meet to form a join. The cartilage of a normal joint is to help guide the bones over one another. It also helps the joints ability to absorb the shock /energy of the joints physical movements. Now if you have osteoarthritis this means that the surface layer of the cartilage breaks and wears away. (Please seefigure2 below for example, figure 4 shows osteoarthritis in 3 different stages.)

Figure2: Note the difference in the joint with a healthy, osteoarthritis and a rheumatoid arthritis joint.

PAGE 1
This then means the bones under the cartilage are rubbing on one another, causing swelling, pain and loss of motion and movement in the joint over time. Over time the joint can also lose its normal shape.(see figure 3 on side for example of this) Over time with having this condition it may also lead to another condition which is osteophyte or bone spur which are small growths of bone on the edges of the joint. It can also cause both deposits of bone and cartilage to break off and float in the joint space causing more pain and damage.
Figure 3 (above): Note how the hand no longer represents a typical looking hand. (Compare hand in picture to your own)

Figure 4 (side): look of a normal joint as well as the 3 different stages of osteoarthritis.

PAGE 2
WHO IS AT RISK
Osteoarthritis (ah-stee-oh-ar-THREYE-tis) is more commonly found in elderly people, it is the most common type of arthritis. Other common names for it are osteoarthrosis and degenerative joint disease. Both men and women can get it before they are 45, after that age women are more prone to osteoarthritis. However studies have shown that people overweight and or have jobs in which, puts high stress/ pressure on joints are also at risk. Younger people can also get osteoarthritis as a result of an injury, genetic defect to joint cartilage, or by a joint malformation. Some cases are found to be hereditary,...
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