Osmosis is the net movement of water particles from an area where they are in high concentration to an area of low concentration, down a concentration gradient. Hypothesis:
Will a high concentration of salt solution affect the mass of a potato chip? Variables
-The sizes of the potato chips. Bigger size of potato chips will weigh heavier and the smaller potato chips will weigh lighter, if we don’t use the same size of potato chips throughout the experiment, we won’t get an ideal result, there will be great differences between the mass of potato chips. -The duration of experiment. The duration of the experiment must be the same to ensure that the experiment starts and ends at the same time. -The surface area of the potato chips. The greater the surface area of the potato chips, there will be more space for osmosis to take place. Independent variable:
-Different percentages of salt solution.
Equipment and Method
-6 boiling tubes
-2 test tube racks
-6 potato chips
-Prepare 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%&100% of saturated salt solutions. 1) Prepare different concentrations of salt solutions.
2) Use the borer to make 6 potato chips and cut to a size of 2 cm. Record each of their mass. 3) Place one potato chip into each test tube. Use 10ml of each salt concentration in the test tube that has been labeled correctly. 4) Pour the saturated salt solution into the boiling tubes according to the labels. 5) Leave them for 24 hours.
6) Take out the potato chips carefully, mass the potato chips again. 7) Compare the differences between the potato chips and calculate the change in mass. 8) Collect the data from 6 groups carrying out the same experiment and calculate the average change in mass for each salt concentration. Class results showing the average change in mass of the potato chips and different concentration of salt solution. Salt solution (%)Average
in Mass (g)