Origins of Power and Rights of Man

Topics: Political philosophy, United States Declaration of Independence, Thomas Paine Pages: 4 (1939 words) Published: January 29, 2013
What are the Origins of Power and the Rights of Man?
With headlines of war and rebellion in the Middle East, some may start to double guess the purpose of a government, or if the governed should have the right to rebel. Humanity has been scorn with inhumane and viciously harmful leaders. All one has to do to understand this fact now is turn on the television to see the graphic images of murder, genocide and bombing s that are taking in place in our world, currently. So one has to ask themselves; who gave the corrupt leaders the power in the first place? And why do the governed rebel if there is so much harm caused by their actions? English Philosophers such as John Locke and Thomas Paine have been trying to answer these questions since the beginning of time. Power comes from the need to protect the humans and the security of their natural rights, explained by John Locke. Although, Thomas Paine states that once a government does not complete their responsibility towards society, revolutions are permitted. When humans are born into society, they are granted the natural rights; of life, liberty and property. God accredits these rights to each individual, as he is the creator of humans and only he can take away these rights he has given to humanity, no other person has the right to interfere with these natural rights that have been granted by God. These are concepts taken out of John Locke’s most important political book, The Second Treatise of Government, which he wrote around the time of the Exclusion Crisis in England in the 1680’s. In this important political piece, Locke uses natural law as the foundation of his philosophy. To introduce the State of Nature in his book, John Locke states; “ To understand political power right, and derive it from its original, we must consider, what state all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons, as they think fit, within...
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