ORIGINS OF LEARNING THEORIES AND THE IMPACT OF EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHIES ON THEIR DEVELOPMENT
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The education thought and practice is an intricate web of psychology and philosophy that guides learning theories. The root of learning theories is in epistemology branch of philosophy. In this paper, the focus is on the origins of these theories, and how the various philosophical schools of thought have informed their development. The Instruction Education Australia website defines “..Instructional Design as the process of using our knowledge of "How People Learn" to develop instructional strategies that meet the needs of the learners and the desired learning outcomes...” Humanistic theory of learning is associated with Carl Rogers. The major concept emphasized is that every person is unique and thus has unique attributes. It promotes the idea that each learner has an independent desire to learn. It’s supported by the works of Abraham Maslow and his hierarchy of needs theory. It focuses on an ideal situation where the teacher only to facilitate learning and give up the leading role. It is heavily influenced by individualism philosophy of George miller that exalts individuality and singular identity development. In comparison with other theories, this theory doesn’t tell whether all learners will be willing to learn the common content at the same time or how to address this in the event homogeneity does not arise. Classical conditioning works by the Russian Pavlov and the operant conditioning theory by skinner and forms the simplest clear conceptualization to understanding behaviorism. Behaviorism is founded in empiricism philosophy by Aristotle. The pillar of this theory is that learning and behavior comes from experience. Cognitive load theory explains that the ways content is organized determine the effectiveness of learning. This theory design the way of organising content so that...
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