Orientation of Counseling Theory

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Course number : PSYC601D

Course title : Counseling Theory and Techniques I
Instructor : Dr. Adrian Robert Wang Chi Tong

Student name : Tong Lai Ping Rebecca

Student number : MAPC080131

I declare that the assignment here submitted is original except for source material explicitly acknowledged, and that the same or related material has not been previously submitted for another course. I also acknowledge that I am aware of Institute policy and regulations on honestly in academic work, and of the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to breaches of such policy and regulations.

Rebecca Tong Lai Ping 18-11-2009
Counseling Theory and Technique I PSYC601D

Term Paper

My personal theory and style of counseling

Title and Content p.3

Abstract p.4

Text p.5-p.11 1. introduction--my personal theory p.5 2. Basic philosophy and key concepts p.5 3. Goals of person-centered therapy p.6 4. Therapeutic relationship of person-centered therapy p.7 5. Techniques of person-centered therapy p.8 6. Applications of the person-centered approach p.8 7. Limitations of the person-centered therapy p.9 8. Conclusion--My final integration of Spirituality and Religion p.9-p.11

Case study p.12-p.14

Reference p.15


In the beginning of this paper, I state my point of view about integration of different theories and my main ground on practicing person-centered theory. Then I start to make critical reflections on different aspects of person-centered theory. On each of the aspect, I tried to illustrate my ideas with the real experience when I am facing different clients. Lastly, I bring out my personal belief about the power of spirituality. The final part of the paper is a real case, which I worked on a year ago, during the process I tried my personal theory in practice and the result was positive. Introduction--My personal theory

Among over ten approaches of therapeutic systems, they share some common goals, but with differences when it comes to the best route to achieve these goals. Some therapists call for an active and directive stance on the therapist’s part, and others place values on clients being the active agent. Their focus differently stress on feelings, cognitive patterns, and behavior. The key challenge to me is to find ways to integrate certain features of some of these approaches, so that I can work with clients on all three levels of human experience.

There are four ways of integrations, and their ultimate goal is the same—to enhance the efficiency and applicability of psychotherapy. For me, I prefer the assimilative integration approach, which means grounded in a particular school of psychotherapy, along with in openness to selectively incorporate practices from other therapeutic approaches. I am convinced by Norcross and Beutler’s opinion ‘psychotherapy should be flexibly tailored to the unique needs and contexts of the individual client, not universally applied as one-size-fits all.’ I find person-centered therapy play a crucial role in my personal counseling approach. There are contributions of this approach: Clients take an active stance and assume responsibility for the direction of therapy. This unique approach has been subjected to empirical testing, and as a result both theory and methods have been modified. It is an open system. People without advanced training can benefit by translating the therapeutic conditions to both their personal and professional lives....
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