Institutions in a Global Society
1. Why is it relevant to be acquainted with environmental trends in effecting educational transformation?
It is very relevant for advocates of educational transformation to not only be acquainted with, but be fully aware of the current trends in the environment today. These trends are: economic trends, market trends, political trends, social trends, technological trends and ecological trends. Educational institutions must consider these trends in planning for their future actions to ensure success and continuity of their existence or operation. By using these trends as inputs in the planning process, educational transformation advocates can draw out concrete action plans adaptable to the trends or a counter measure to whatever ill effects these trends may bring in the education sector. To be able to effect transformation of our education into a better state, in-depth understanding of the external environmental trends and their implications to the growth and development of the institution should be the primordial concern of the stakeholders of educational transformation.
2. Now more than ever in the history of the world, why is there a need to focus on ecological trends as a critical issue in educational transformation? Please surf the internet on the latest statistics about our ecological problems, local, national and global in scope.
Now more than ever, is the time for educational planners to focus their attention on ecological trends which is becoming the most critical issue our society is facing today. The challenge of re-educating the society of the ill effects of man’s action of exploiting and polluting his environment and ecology, and for him to do something good to put an end to the problem of ecological degradation lies in the hands of educators. There is a need to introduce a new paradigm in order to change the mindset of the people in terms of deriving benefits from our mother earth and at the same time preserving our environment and its ecological balance. When the paradigm shift is effected, then I can say that an educational transformation has been carried out.
Latest Statistics about Ecological Problems:
♦ At least 51 acres of tropical forests are destroyed.
♦ We consume almost 35,000 barrels of oil.
♦ 50 tons of fertile soil are washed or blown off cropland.
♦ We add 12,000 tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.
♦ 1,692 acres of productive dry land become desert.
♦ 1,800 children die of malnutrition and hunger (that makes a total of 15 million each year).
♦ 120 million dollars are spent for military expenditures (making a total of one trillion each year).
♦ 55 people are poisoned by the pesticides they use; 5 die.
♦ 60 new cases of cancer are diagnosed in the United States alone (that makes a total of 500,000 each year with 20,000 leading to death).
♦ Over 230,000 babies are born.
♦ 25,000 people die of water shortage or contamination.
♦ 10 tons of nuclear waste are being generated by the 350 existing nuclear plants.
♦ 250,000 tons of sulfuric acid fall as acid rain in the Northern Hemisphere.
♦ 60 tons of plastic packaging and 372 tons of fishing net are dumped into the sea by commercial fishermen.
♦ Almost 5 species of life become extinct.
FROM THE GLOBAL TRENDS:
1. Discuss the nature of Globalization, its characteristics as seen today
Globalization its nature and characteristics as seen today.
Robin Lynch described globalization as a “range of changes in the way the international economy works” (Lynch, 2006). Lynch argues that there is “no single phenomenon” but “a range of structural changes in markets and societies …” As such it is an umbrella term for a complex series of economic, social,...