Motivation in the Organization
This essay defines and discusses motivation from an organizational setting. It includes the intrinsic and extrinsic motivators according to theorist Frederick Herzberg Two-Factor theory. It also discusses Maslow Hierarchy of needs and to what extent pay or pay increases may motivate employees. Motivation is defined as “The reason or reasons one has for acting or behaving in a particular way” or “The general desire or willingness of someone to do something.” Motivation can be categorized in two types, intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is what motivates you internally for example if an individual does something because he or she enjoys it or if it makes them happy. However extrinsic motivation is external factors that motivate you for example rewards. Theorist Frederick Herzberg theorizes on motivation from an organizational setting, this is known as the Two-Factor theory. The two factor theory consists of motivator factors and hygiene factors. Motivator factors in an organization, they are the factors which gives you satisfaction, increases performance and motivation to complete the task such as recognition, advancement and promotional opportunities. These factors are the intrinsic rewards; it benefits the individual’s performance, attitude and self-esteem. However hygiene factors are the extrinsic motivators, the main organizational context or hygiene factors are wages and salary, status, working conditions, job security and supervising style. These are rewards given to you for doing your job for example par increase, better office furniture, promotions and vacations. Herzberg theory suggest that , there are some job factors that result in satisfaction while there are other job factors that prevent dissatisfaction. The Motivators or motivator factors are rated on a scale from satisfaction to no -satisfaction and the hygiene factors are rated from no –dissatisfaction to dissatisfaction. The two-factor stresses that...
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