Organizational Behaviour

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QUESTIONS:

1. The changing pattern of work and employment practices in Ghana has led to a breach in the psychological contract and impacted negatively on the achievement of the ILO standards.

a. Design or adopt a research instrument (preferably a questionnaire) to collect and analyse data on the effect of the changing nature of work and employment practices in the core ILO standards and the impact on psychological contract in any two industries (40 marks)

b. Using concepts and theories from leadership, perception and agency theories, how can management improve the employment relations at work and help achieve international labour standards?(20 marks)

A REPORT ON

THE EFFECT OF CHANGING NATURE OF WORK AND EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES IN THE CORE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION (ILO) STANDARDS AND THE IMPACT ON PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT IN THE MEDIA INDUSTRY IN GHANA

PREPARED BY:
OTOO AMPIAH & AMPONSAH DOKU AARON ASSOCIATES

AUGUST, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Population Size, Sampling and Sampling Technique
1.2 Data Presentation and Data Analysis
1.2.1 Response Rate
1.2.2 Respondents Demographics
1.2.3 Collective Bargaining
1.2.4 Changes in Journalists’ Average Rate of Pay over the Last Five Years 1.2.5 The Nature of Employment Relationship
1.2.6 The Nature of Employment Relationship and its Impact on Editorial Contents 1.2.6.1 Insecurity of Employment Leads to Timid Reporting
1.2.6.2 The Effect of Changes in Employment on Critical and Investigative Reporting 1.2.6.3 Media Concentration and Government Pressure Leads to Bland News 1.2.6.4 Media Tamed by Advertisers and Government

1.2.6.5 Low Wages Lead to Decline in Ethical Reporting
CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Atypical Workers as Members of the Organisations
2.1 Setting the Pay Rate for Journalists
2.2 Atypical Journalist Workers Entitled to Less Rights and Benefits 2.3 The Attitude of Atypical Work Relationships in the Media Industry 2.4 Gender Aspects to Atypical Work
2.5 Payment for Atypical Workers
2.6 Recommendations
2.7 Conclusion
References
Appendix A

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction
This study seeks to evaluate the effect of the changing nature of work and employment practices in the core International Labour Organisation (ILO) standards and the impact on psychological contract in the media industry in Ghana.

1.1 Population Size, Sampling and Sampling Technique
A sample of 20 Media Personnel out of about 15,000 in the media industry in Ghana were considered for this study. The study adopted a simple random sampling technique to select elements in the survey.

1.2 Data Presentation and Data Analysis
1.2.1 Response Rate
A total of 20 questionnaires were administered to some selected Media Personnel practicing in Ghana. In particular, Media Personnel in Kumasi were contacted to provide their responses to the questionnaire. All the questionnaires were returned complete. This represents 100.0% response rate as shown in Table 1 below. The weighted average response rate was 100.0%. The implication for this response rate was that, in spite of the busy work schedules, respondents prioritized the importance of the study and contributed to it accordingly. Table 1: Response Rate

Respondents| Response Rate|
| Frequency| %|
Media Personnel| 20| 100.0|
| ∑f = 20| |
Source: Author’s Field Survey, 2012
1.2.2 Respondents Demographics
The demographic information of the two categories of respondents is presented in Table 2 below:

Table 2: Demographic Profile of Respondents
Variable| Category| Media Personnel|
| | Frequency| Percentage|
Gender| MaleFemale| 128| 60.040.0|
Age| 20-30 yrs31-40 yrs41-50 yrs51-60 yrs61 yrs and above| 47432| 20.035.020.015.010.0| Marital Status| SingleMarriedDivorced| 974| 45.035.020.0| Level of Education| PhDMasters DegreeFirst DegreeHND| -1811| 0.05.040.055.0| Work Experience| Less than 1 year1 –...
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