ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR & LEADERSHIP
5 Bases of Power
The five bases of power were developed by two social psychologist J. P R. French and. B Raven, which reflects the resources that power holders use to recognize how their relationship with others are derived. These types of powers are expert, referent, reward, legitimate, and coercive power.
Employee 1 has worked in the marketing department of Corporation A for 12 years. The marketing departments, employees who earn a superior rating on their yearly performance evaluation receive a large bonus at the end of the year. Employee 1 demonstrates the power of reward being utilized in this given scenario. The reward powers rest on the manager’s capability of providing recognition by awards, monetary value, or acknowledgement to their staff for superior ratings. Employee 1 has worked beyond the requisite 40 hours continuously by coming to work on weekends or staying late to ensure projects are on time and have accurate information.
Employee 2 works as a certified public accountant for Corporation A. This employee works in the accounting department and is the only employee that is capable of preparing the company’s statements. The company demonstrates expert power with this employee. The employee has set his own schedule aside of the other members of the staff. The employee is able to accomplish this due to no other member of the company can accomplish his tasks. This can also be conceived as a reward power for the company allowing the employee to work a 4 day week to at the employee’s request.
Employee 3 works in the sales department of Corporation A. The employee is well liked and appears to be naturally drawn to other members of the staff. Even though Employee 3 has only been with the company a little over a year, they were selected to be the team lead on a new project. The company used the several powers during this example. The company used referent power when they noticed the...
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