Organizational Behavior

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Abstract

The study of organizational behavior is importance in order to have a successful work performance. By most estimates, organizational emerged as a distinct field around the 1940s. However, its origins can be traced much further back in time. The Greek philosopher Plato wrote about the essence of leadership. Aristotle, another respected philosopher, addressed the topic of persuasive communication. The writings of sixteenth-century Italian philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli laid the foundation for contemporary work on organizational power and politics. In 1776, Adam Smith advocated a new form of organizational structure based of the division of labor. One hundred years later, German sociologist Max Weber wrote about rational organizations and initiated discussion of charismatic leadership. Soon after, Frederick Winslow Taylor introduced the systematic use of goal setting and rewards to motivate employees. In the 1920s, Elton Mayo and his colleagues conducted productivity studies at Western Electric’s Hawthorne plant. They reported that an informal organization; employees casually interacting with others; operated alongside the formal organization. Organizational behavior has been around for a long time; it just was not organized into a unified discipline until after World War II.

     
Organizational Behavior and New Trends

It is related with interpersonal processes between people in an organization. It is not just to the manager itself, but to the whole people in that organization. Organizational behavior is the study of the many factors that have an impact on how people and groups act, think, feel and respond to work and organizations. It also an impact on how organizations respond to their environments. Particularly, it is important to managers, who are responsible for supervising the activities of one of more employees. This report examined how there are numerous trends that can be evaluated that impact organizational behavior. It looks at how these trends can affect the organization’s behavior as whole or at the employee level. In particular, it shows how the behavior within an organization can be affected by the following trends; globalization, workforce diversity and employment relationship.

      The study of Organizational Behavior (OB) is very interesting and challenging too. Organizational Behavior means the study of what people think, feel, and do in and around the organization. It is includes systematically studying individual, team, and structural characteristics that influence behavior within organizations. It is important in an organization to ensure successful. It is interesting because the main reason for studying organizational behavior is to fulfill the need to understand, predict and influence the behavior of others in organizational setting.

      The study becomes more challenging when situational factors interact. The study of organizational behavior relates to the expected behavior of an individual in the organization. There is no two individuals are likely to behave in the same manner in a particular work situation. Human factor is the contributory to the productivity hence the study of human behavior is essential. The vital individual is responsible in an organization is the manager. Manager must understand the identification of an individual, his background, social framework, educational update, impact of social groups and other situational factors on behavior. It is the predictability of a manager about the expected behavior of an individual. The manager under whom an individual is working should be able to explain, predict, evaluate and modify human behavior that will largely depend upon knowledge, skill and experience of the manager in handling large group of people in the diverse situations. Defensive actions need to be taken for human behavior forecasting. Moreover, the value system, emotional intelligence, organizational culture, job design and the work...
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