Professor Jean Clifton
Although a relatively new field of study, social entrepreneurship continues to gain interest and bears great significance on the future of business. With that said, the implications in organizational behavior are yet to be thoroughly explored. Through the analysis of current available research, application of general principles, and observations made from present-day social enterprise cases, we have explored these implications, particularly in area of the key work attitude of organizational commitment and its effect on intention to quit. II. Social Entrepreneurship as a Growing Field
Before we begin to discuss the growth of social entrepreneurship we should first endeavor into an explanation of social entrepreneurship. Any discussion of a definition for social entrepreneurship should preface the reader by informing them that there is no benchmark and or framework on the meaning of social entrepreneurship. There is much debate surrounding this new and emerging field. The concept is easier understood if we first break down its components; social and entrepreneurship. Social refers to society. More specifically for our purposes we are referring to the benefit of society. This benefit can be environmental, community-focused, economic, and in some cases political. In essence we are covering the wellbeing of society and anything under the societal umbrella. Entrepreneurship entails most all of the characteristics one would expect of an entrepreneur. That is vision, drive, perseverance, innovation, resourcefulness, optimism, charisma, ambition, and intelligence. However, there are differences for the social scope of entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurs act based on mission, principle, and values. Though they recognize profit is imperative to survival, the profit motive is not the soul driving force. Combine the two and we have a clearer picture of what social entrepreneurship is. Social Entrepreneurship is a combination of profit and mission innovatively used to enhance the wellbeing of society. For a more academic approach, social entrepreneurship can be defined with an excerpt from Jill Kickul and Thomas S. Lyons book, Understanding Social Entrepreneurship. I define social entrepreneurship as a process that includes: the identification of a specific social problem and specific solution…to address it; the evaluation of the social impact, the business model and the sustainability of the venture; and the creation of a social mission-oriented for-profit or a business oriented nonprofit entity that persuades the double (or triple) bottom line. From our own discussion and other input we can begin to derive reoccurring themes that help us mold our vision of social entrepreneurship. Social entrepreneurs identify a problem and a solution to that problem along with a sustainable business model. They then attack the issue with for-profit or nonprofit structure using their mission and vision. And usually the venture is passion driven. We can start our discussion of the growth of social entrepreneurship by starting with its seed and its unsung hero. His name is Bill Drayton and he is the founder Ashoka, a company he founded in the 1980s that fuels social change of what he calls the “citizens sector.” Ashoka not only acts as a venture capitalist for would-be, “fellows” (agents with radical ideas for social change) but also puts into action their own ideas for change. Today Ashoka supports over 3000 fellows in 60 countries with an operating budget exceeding 30 million. (Ashoka Facts) Their projects range from providing rural farmers in Brazil with affordable electricity to assisting low income students with college admission. The idea is to serve needs that neither the public nor private sector remedy....