Organizational Behavior

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OB MODEL

Models of Organizational Behavior
Models or Theory i.e. the way of thinking of a manager is the guide to managerial behaviour. OB Models helps to improve organizational climate or environment. Hence it plays significant role in Organizational Development and Behaviour. These models represents a series of historical evolution in the organizational behaviour. There are 4 models or theories of Organizational Behaviour:

1. Autocratic Model
2. Custodial Model
3. Supportive Model
4. Collegial Model
Evolution: Autocratic model- 1920-1930
Different Divisions or Departments of organizations may follow different models of organizational behaviour. 1. Autocratic Model
“You do this or else you are punished”
-Based on negative motivation and backed by power.
-Employees should follow their boss’s orders
-if not they will be penalised
-Managerial orientation-> Formal and official authority
-Assumption-Management knows what is right / wrong and employees have to follow order -Employees can not suggest anything, cannot give feedback, and ask questions. -This is similar to X theory of McGregor

-Workers do work when they get pushed to work and need tight control to accomplish goals -fully dependent on their superiors
2. The Custodial model
-Based on economic resources of employees
-In this model employee’s dependence is on organization rather than on their boss -Workers become psychologically preoccupied by the maintenance factors of the job benefits (Herzberg’s Model of Maintenance Motivation) -The other major factors involved in Custodial model are economic rewards, safety/security, Organizational Dependence, and maintenance factors. -Less productivity as compared to autocratic “The happy employee is not necessarily the most productive employee” 3. Supportive Model

-Named by Rensis Likert as the Principles of Supportive model -It represents McGregor’s theory Y
-Leadership is important not money or power to motivate
- It helps to create healthy environment in the organization -Supportive model gives chance to employees to show better results, share responsibilities, and improves them. -This model needs effective leadership, not money to solve problems and accomplish goals 4. Collegial Model

Next level of Supportive theory or model and mainly applicable to research environment Based on mutual understanding and cooperation between employees and employer It creates awareness of social responsibility in the employees and organization Ultimately employees get motivated due feel of this social responsibility and produces best quality product. Concepts of Organizational Behavior & it's Models

Organizational behavior defined as the body of the knowledge and skill with the help of which the human behavior at work can be understood, analyzed, predicted and managed. The behavior and interactions of individuals and groups is what the study of OB is all about. Organizational behavior is the term used to describe the actions and reactions of individuals, dyads, groups of the stimuli surrounding them as they interact with one another in the course of their work. A good understanding of OB helps managers and employees comprehend the ongoing dynamics that enhance from the progress of the organizations towards its goals. The body of knowledge is enriched by social sciences such as psychology, sociology, anthropology, economics, philosophy, politics, laws, ethics, and moral sciences, there by resorting to an inter-disciplinary approach. In a limited way biological sciences like human anatomy and genetics, and physical and environmental sciences have influenced the OB theory. The other approaches of OB are Human Resources, contingency and systems. Human resource approach is developmental, Contingency approach is situational and Systems approach combines all these. So, the systems approach is adopted for the study of OB. Psychology helps us understand the behavior of the individuals, sociology contributes to our...
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