Organizational Behavior

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Group Member: Najma Sultan Saira Maryam Muhammad Ali Course: Section: Business Research Methodology MBA 2Nd A

Project Report: PAKISTAN RAILWAY

Submitted to: Sir Muhammad Imran

F.U.U.A.S.T.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION: .................................................................................................................................3 PROBLEM STATEMENT: .......................................................................................................................4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:.......................................................................................................................4 LITERATURE REVIEW ...........................................................................................................................4 KEY VARIABLES: ..................................................................................................................................5 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: ............................................................................................................. 12 HYPOTHESIS: .................................................................................................................................... 13 METHODOLOGY: .............................................................................................................................. 13 DATA ANALYSIS: ............................................................................................................................... 14 FINDINGS ......................................................................................................................................... 16 COMPETITORS AND THEIR COMPETITIVE EDGE OVER PAKISTAN RAILWAYS: ........................................ 17 CONCLUSION/RECOMMENDATION.................................................................................................... 19 REFERENCES:.................................................................................................................................... 21

F.U.U.A.S.T.

INTRODUCTION:
INTRODUCTION TO PAK RAILWAYS:
The automotive transport and communication systems need continuous expansion and maintenance of the network of railways and highways as well as the rolling stock. Modernization, updating, and replacement of the fleet of vehicles together form an integral part of the development process. In case it is not so, the shortcomings are immediately reflected by the sluggishness in the pace of development and also in the visible degradation of the environment. Wars have been lost due to these shortcomings, and Pakistan has had the bitter experience of heavy losses because its fleets of vehicles were inoperative or had lost the desired mobility. In 1947, after Pakistan became an independent state, 1,947 route miles (3,133 km) of North Western Railways were transferred to Pakistan from British India. In 1954, the railway line was extended to Marian and Charsada and in 1956 the Jacobabad Cashmere 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge line was converted into broad gauge. In 1961, the Pakistani portion of North Western Railways was renamed Pakistan Railways. The Kit Adu-Kashmore line was constructed between 1969 and 1973 providing an alternative route from Karachi to northern Pakistan. Pakistan Railway comprises 8,775 route km, 781 stations and 42 trains‟ halts. It has a fleet of 546 diesel electric locomotives, 25,815 wagons and 2,099 passenger coaches. Maintenance is provided by three major locomotive workshops and thirty-five smaller workshops. Signaling facilities at important stations are track circulated within interlocking limits. Most routes have VHF radio coverage for communication between train dispatchers and trains. Telephone Communication is over wire lines and microwave. Freight traffic during the past five years has averaged 5-6 million tons per annum. It was 15 million tons per annum in the 1960 but trucking has steadily taken over the freight market. The volume of...
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