Organizational Behavior

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Organizational Behavior Application Paper

Organizational Behavior Application Paper
Over the last eight weeks, I have learned a tremendous amount about organizational behavior. In this paper, I will discuss three individual or group behaviors in organizational settings that have influenced my thinking and behavior. The three topics that have had the greatest impact on me are motivation, organizational communication and organizational culture. These topics are essential components of successful organizations. In addition, leaders who can motivate team members, communicate with team members and understand the importance of organizational culture will be successful in developing team members and carrying out the goals, vision and missions of the organization. A leaders ability to motivate team members stands out to me as the foundation for organizational success. As noted by Schermerhorn, Osborn, Uhl-Bien, and Hunt (2012), motivation “refers to forces within an individual that account for the level, direction, and persistence of effort expended at work” (p.102). There are many motivation theories available for leaders to explore and utilize, the theories are broken down into context theories; which concentrate on team member needs, and process theories; which concentrate on the thought processes that influence team member’s actions. One of the context theories is the existence, relatedness, and growth theory or ERG theory. The ERG theory is based on team member’s needs, which includes existence needs such as food, water and shelter; relationship needs such as interpersonal relationships; and group needs, which stress the importance of, continued knowledge and development opportunities. As a leader one must be aware of the needs of team members to be able to motivate them, If team members basic human needs, social, or safety needs, are not being met, it can significantly affect ones ability to motivate ones team members. The other type of motivational theory is process theories, and they focus on the cognitive processes of team members and how their thoughts will influence their actions. One process theory is the goal-setting theory, and in the words of Schermerhorn et al. (2012), “Without clear goals, people may suffer from poor direction. When goals are both clear and properly set, they may be highly motivated to work towards goal accomplishment” (p.113). In the leadership positions, I have held in my military and civilian careers; I have used many of the motivation concepts I have learned in this class, but before taking this class, I was unaware of the different theories and research associated with motivation. The information I have learned in this class about motivation has reinforced to me the importance of being constantly aware of my team member needs and to set clear, well-defined goals. In addition, what I have learned about motivation has stressed to me how making team members feel they are art of the team and that what they say and do matters plays a role in their motivation. I intend to put what I learned in this class into action by establishing a daily rapport with my team members that will encourage open honest communication that facilitates motivation. Furthermore, I intend to reevaluate how my team sets goals, and to ensure the goals that we have set are clear, specific, and attached to a feedback system. The motivation concepts I have learned in this class will make be a more effective leader because I am now armed with the academic knowledge of motivation, to go along with my thirty years of on the job experience of motivating team members. Another important concept in organizational behavior is communication; communication is the backbone of all successful organization. Organization communication is communication that happens within an organization, it includes e-mails, memorandums, phone calls, teleconferencing, videoconferencing, and of course face-to-face communication. Communication plays a large...
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